French sun proved a welcome respite from congested British horizons, a congestion meteorological (ever present) and political (from 23 June onwards). The opening sentences of Gabriel Josipovici's brilliant essay, ‘English Studies and European Culture
The Effect of European and North American Motorway Construction on Attitudes in Britain, 1930-1960
GERMANY, GREAT BRITAIN, MOTORWAYS, NATIONALISM, and TRANSPORT
This article examines British attitudes to motorway construction during the 1930s, 1940s and 1950s, stressing the importance of international events to Britain's motorway building policy. It shows that while national social, political and economic imperatives, movements, and contexts were clearly of primary importance in debates about motorway construction in Britain, these often emerged amidst discussions about road-building developments abroad, particularly in mainland Europe and North America. The article focuses on British reactions to the construction of the German National Socialist Party's Autobahnen in the 1930s, examining how the Autobahnen became embroiled in a spectacular propagandist performance of the modern German nation. Finally, the paper examines the attention paid to European and U.S. motorways in postwar Britain, as engineers, landscape architects, designers, and civil servants undertook research to help inform their plans and designs for British motorways.
1919 there were a reported 1.75 million “surplus women” in Britain, the result of British wartime losses. The fact that fewer women would have the opportunity to marry was one concern articulated by private citizens, journalists, and emigration
Taking as its starting point the current debate over the significance of history in the National Curriculum for England, this article examines the place of the country's colonial past in its national culture of memory. In the context of debates about educational policy and the politics of memory concerning Britain's colonial heritage, the author focuses on the transmission and interpretation of this heritage via school history textbooks, which play a key role in the politics of memory. This medium offers insight into transformations of the country's colonial experience that have taken place since the end of the British Empire. School textbooks do not create and establish these transformations in isolation from other arenas of discourse about the culture of memory by reinventing the nation. Instead, they reflect, as part of the national culture of memory, the uncertainties and insecurities emerging from the end of empire and the decolonization of the British nation's historical narrative.
This article looks at girlhood in an historical and culturally specific context, through close textual analysis of a central narrative from a key British girls' comic of the 1950s. Girl, published by Hulton Press, predominantly addressed issues around femininity, girlhood and class in that period, often linking reading with other activities considered “appropriate” for girls. I will explore how Girl articulates gender and class and also how it encouraged the mainly middle-class readership to make ballet an important aspect of their cultural practice, popularising ballet classes across Britain. In doing so, I shall focus on the narrative, “Belle of the Ballet.” I will also look at other texts of the period, including Bunty, launched in 1958 by DC Thomson, and show how the representation of ballet changed in later comics for girls, relating this to shifting constructions of girlhood.
The 1959 election and the politics of the people
Charlotte Lydia Riley
, led by the glamorous Anthony Eden, had swept to a landslide victory in the warm afterglow of Queen Elizabeth II's coronation two years earlier. But 1959 does not hold together in my students’ analysis. The 1956 Suez Crisis should have shaken British
The Long-Term Influence of Eastern European Jewish Immigrants on the Reception of German Jews into Great Britain in the 1930s
Great Britain and by 1905 the Jewish population had increased by 41.9 per cent. 2 The Jews were fleeing from religious persecution, exacerbated by the assassination of Tsar Alexander II in 1881. The new tsar pursued a policy of Russification and
calls to family and friends in the United Kingdom, when, in the midst of the United Kingdom's horrific COVID-19 crisis, I became increasingly alienated from and enamoured by British and Australian reactions to the pandemic, respectively. Through this
Antipodes and beyond. In so doing, he gave physical expression to a new and profoundly different vision of Britain's place in the world, one that saw it not as an appendage of continental Europe, but as the beating heart of a world system bound together by a
1980s Boyhood in British Cinema, 2005–2010
Introduction Pomerance and Gateward detect a romanticizing of boyhood in British literature, such as Golding’s Lord of the Flies (1954) , arguing that it is predicated on the notion of a class-bound British past. This relationship between