British Empire. These territories included the settler colonies of New Zealand, New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, and Tasmania, as well as the strikingly different domain of India. Several historians have stressed the importance of Dilke's book
Reflections on the Balfour Declaration Centennial and the Winding Road to Israeli Independence
Arie M. Dubnov
lost. Once we read the Declaration as a first step in the project of building the institutions of a nation-state that is divorced from the British Empire – that august, world-spanning institution, which fragmented fast after 1945 until it finally
Violence in Britain’s Twentieth-Century Empire
decades of liberal imperialist ideas and practices that had matured across the British Empire would descend and consolidate in the most dramatic and consequential of ways. The reach and impact of these ideas and practices, as well as the individuals
Scouting, Soldiering, and Boys’ Roles in World War I
Riddle of the Sands (1903). Anxieties about the future security of the British Empire were exacerbated by the notion of physical deterioration, highlighted by the 1904 Report of the Inter-Departmental Committee on Physical Deterioration . This study had
Human-Elephant Mobility and History across the Indo-Myanmar Highlands
Paul G. Keil
History of Mizoram In the mid-nineteenth century, the mountainous region of northeast India was stereotyped by the British Empire as an uncivilized frontier. Some parts were identified on colonial maps simply as “Wild Tribes” and described as being
, concern grew in Britain about the threat it posed to the British Empire, with the result that, by the start of the twentieth century, popular attitudes towards Russia were becoming more positive and views of Germany more negative. The establishment of the
Race, Global Capital, and The Making of the English Working Class
W. E. B. Du Bois noted that the nineteenth-century US slave plantation corresponded with the factory in its worst conceivable form. This article expands upon Du Bois's insight to consider the emergence of the English working class in correspondence with American settler slavery and colonial projects within the British Empire. From above, elites theorized about the exploitation of labor as a world historical project to compare the enslaved, the colonized, and the English worker against one another. From below, proletarian intellectuals imagined the freedom of English laborers through the condition of the enslaved in the American South and Jamaica and the colonized in South Asia. By placing these histories from above and below together, this article argues that it is impossible to conceive of the English working class making itself and being made at remove from the enslaving and colonizing projects of global capital.
A Chief Rabbi at War
In office, from the 'New' rather than the 'Old' World, indeed the first ordinand of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, Joseph Herman Hertz moved among kings and grandees, ministering to two communities, different religiously, culturally and socially. One, an established 'West End' community, was assimilated and integrated; the other was a newer, larger, faster-growing, immigrant 'East End' community. He had to be a bridge between these two communities. Within a year of taking office, this American Chief Rabbi of the United Hebrew Congregations of the British Empire was thrust into a world conflict that confronted him with tensions and challenges to his patriotism, his authority and his faith. Ultimately his period of office would be 'bracketed' by two world wars.
British Women Travel Writers and Sports
Precious McKenzie Stearns
The big game hunt contributed to the morale of the British Empire, as this sport was seen as the battle between men and nature. If Englishmen (and women) could triumph over animals, this demonstrated English superiority over inferior creatures. Florence Dixie and Isabel Savory proved that the overseas Empire allowed women to have greater access to hunting - and to grander displays of hunting prowess - than was allowed in England. Savory and Dixie, women who proved competent in the hunt, encouraged Victorian society to reevaluate their assumptions of womanhood. Their travel writing provided evidence to the Victorian reading public that women could effectively participate in the hunt, without sacrificing their femininity and denigrating the sport.
British Commerce and Trade in Siberia in the Early Twentieth Century
This article looks at the prospects and the reality of British commercial activity in Siberia in the early twentieth century, before the outbreak of World War I, and is based on contemporary comments by travelers, businessmen, and commercial agents. Contemporaries agreed that the dynamic Siberian economy opened up opportunities for British exports and trade. British firms, however, lagged behind commercial rivals, in particular in Germany, and the United States. The article explores the reasons for this and also looks at the subjects of the British Empire who went to Siberia and the conditions under which they worked. The article demonstrates the vibrancy of Siberian economic development in this period and the active participation of Western powers in this process.