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Between Afropolitans and new Sankaras

Class mobility and the reproduction of academics in Burkina Faso

Michelle Engeler

“La patrie ou la mort nous vaincrons” (Homeland or death, we shall overcome)—such was the motto of the famous national leader and revolutionary figure of Burkina Faso, Thomas Sankara, in the 1980s. This emotive call to action was resurrected, resung

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Between Labor Migration and Forced Displacement

Wartime Mobilities in the Burkina Faso–Côte d’Ivoire Transnational Space

Jesper Bjarnesen

’Ivoire is surrounded by countries with a history of political instability and armed conflict (Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea) and with some of the world’s poorest economies (Burkina Faso, Mali, and Niger). In Burkina Faso in particular, the livelihoods of

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The Outburst

Climate Change, Gender Relations, and Situational Analysis

Jonas Østergaard Nielsen

Since the major Sahelian droughts and famines of the early 1970s and 1980s, international development and aid organizations have played a large role in the small village of Biidi 2, located in northern Burkina Faso. This article explores how a visit by a development 'expert' to the village can be analyzed as a social situation in which normal social control is suspended and negotiated. Focusing on gender relations, the analysis shows how the women of Biidi 2 involved in the event were relatively free to construct alternative definitions of their identity and social position vis-à-vis the men.

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Anthropological Insights about a Tool for Improving Quality of Obstetric Care

The Experience of Case Review Audits in Burkina Faso

Marc-Eric Gruénais, Fatoumata Ouattara, Fabienne Richard, and Vincent De Brouwere

The ratio of maternal morbidity and mortality in developing countries is high. The World Health Organization (WHO) and public health specialists promote case review audits as a means of improving quality of obstetric care. This reflects the need for high reactivity in health personnel's management of obstetric complications. Within an action-research programme in Burkina Faso, a trial of case review audits was implemented in a maternity ward. This was designed to help health personnel better align their practice with clinical standards and to enable more consideration of pregnant women's needs. Social anthropologists were involved in these case review audits in order to collect data about pregnant women's lifestyles and circumstances. They also worked to train health personnel to conduct interviews. Although it is important to take account of women's circumstances within audit sessions, conducting interviews in 'anthropological ways' (at women's homes, with observations) is time consuming and may sometimes be better replaced with interviews in hospital contexts. Anthropologically informed interviews may pinpoint socio-economic situations as key reasons for problems in healthcare, but health personnel are usually powerless to address these. However, anthropology contributes an awareness of the relevance of these issues for broader healthcare planning.

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Capturing Crisis

Solar Power and Humanitarian Energy Markets in Africa

Jamie Cross

. The current is sufficient to charge an internal battery, allowing a bulb or light-emitting diode to be switched on in the dark. Le Sol produces its small, portable off-grid solar powered lamps at a factory in Burkina Faso and is one of the only

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Elisabetta Gualmini

On 3 March 2008, four workmen lost their lives, asphyxiated by sulfur

fumes, going one after another into a tanker at the Truck Center in

Molfetta in the province of Bari, a company specializing in the maintenance

and cleaning of heavy vehicles. Those involved were the owner

of the company, aged 64, and three workmen, respectively, 44, 37, and

24 years old. The following morning, a fifth workman, who was barely

20 and had tried to save his companions, died at the hospital in Monopoli.

“Deaths Caused by Solidarity,” headlined some newspapers, but the

truth is that these deaths were foreseeable because none of the victims

were in possession of protective equipment. Little more than a month

later, on 16 April 2008, at Cornate d’Adda in the province of Milan, an

explosion in the chemical factory Masterplast caused the deaths of two

workmen, the company foreman, aged 47, and a 28-year-old employee

from Burkina Faso. And the list of deaths continues.

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Digitizing the Western Gaze

The End FGM Guardian Global Media Campaign

Jessica Cammaert

is narrated by locals, positioning the shared Ghanaian-Burkinabe borderland as central to its continuance. Despite harsher laws in Burkina Faso, to northeastern locals it is a procedure done “over there,” an issue which, on the ground has a tendency

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Introduction

Human–Animal Relationships in the Middle East

Marjan Mashkour and Anahita Grisoni

articles approach the following geographical areas in this special issue: Turkey, Iran, ancient Persia, ancient Middle East and Northern Africa, Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan and Burkina Faso. Those areas are discussed according to very different methodologies

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Regime Collapse and Revolution

A Response to John Dunn

Hugo Slim

American Revolutionary War . London : I. B. Tauris . 10.5040/9780755603817 Dickovick , J. Tyler . 2009 . “ Revolutionising Local Politics? Radical Experiments in Burkina Faso, Ghana and Uganda in the 1980s .” Review of African Political Economy 36

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Regional and sub-regional effects on development policies

The Benelux and the Nordic countries compared

Lauri Siitonen

to the Nordics. As for the Benelux group, sub-regional tendencies are also evident. Belgian and Luxembourgian aid goes primarily to French-speaking West Africa (Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger) due to historical and linguistic relations. The Netherlands