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Between Afropolitans and new Sankaras

Class mobility and the reproduction of academics in Burkina Faso

Michelle Engeler

“La patrie ou la mort nous vaincrons” (Homeland or death, we shall overcome)—such was the motto of the famous national leader and revolutionary figure of Burkina Faso, Thomas Sankara, in the 1980s. This emotive call to action was resurrected, resung

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Between Labor Migration and Forced Displacement

Wartime Mobilities in the Burkina Faso–Côte d’Ivoire Transnational Space

Jesper Bjarnesen

’Ivoire is surrounded by countries with a history of political instability and armed conflict (Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea) and with some of the world’s poorest economies (Burkina Faso, Mali, and Niger). In Burkina Faso in particular, the livelihoods of

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The Outburst

Climate Change, Gender Relations, and Situational Analysis

Jonas Østergaard Nielsen

Since the major Sahelian droughts and famines of the early 1970s and 1980s, international development and aid organizations have played a large role in the small village of Biidi 2, located in northern Burkina Faso. This article explores how a visit by a development 'expert' to the village can be analyzed as a social situation in which normal social control is suspended and negotiated. Focusing on gender relations, the analysis shows how the women of Biidi 2 involved in the event were relatively free to construct alternative definitions of their identity and social position vis-à-vis the men.

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Anthropological Insights about a Tool for Improving Quality of Obstetric Care

The Experience of Case Review Audits in Burkina Faso

Marc-Eric Gruénais, Fatoumata Ouattara, Fabienne Richard and Vincent De Brouwere

The ratio of maternal morbidity and mortality in developing countries is high. The World Health Organization (WHO) and public health specialists promote case review audits as a means of improving quality of obstetric care. This reflects the need for high reactivity in health personnel's management of obstetric complications. Within an action-research programme in Burkina Faso, a trial of case review audits was implemented in a maternity ward. This was designed to help health personnel better align their practice with clinical standards and to enable more consideration of pregnant women's needs. Social anthropologists were involved in these case review audits in order to collect data about pregnant women's lifestyles and circumstances. They also worked to train health personnel to conduct interviews. Although it is important to take account of women's circumstances within audit sessions, conducting interviews in 'anthropological ways' (at women's homes, with observations) is time consuming and may sometimes be better replaced with interviews in hospital contexts. Anthropologically informed interviews may pinpoint socio-economic situations as key reasons for problems in healthcare, but health personnel are usually powerless to address these. However, anthropology contributes an awareness of the relevance of these issues for broader healthcare planning.

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Elisabetta Gualmini

On 3 March 2008, four workmen lost their lives, asphyxiated by sulfur

fumes, going one after another into a tanker at the Truck Center in

Molfetta in the province of Bari, a company specializing in the maintenance

and cleaning of heavy vehicles. Those involved were the owner

of the company, aged 64, and three workmen, respectively, 44, 37, and

24 years old. The following morning, a fifth workman, who was barely

20 and had tried to save his companions, died at the hospital in Monopoli.

“Deaths Caused by Solidarity,” headlined some newspapers, but the

truth is that these deaths were foreseeable because none of the victims

were in possession of protective equipment. Little more than a month

later, on 16 April 2008, at Cornate d’Adda in the province of Milan, an

explosion in the chemical factory Masterplast caused the deaths of two

workmen, the company foreman, aged 47, and a 28-year-old employee

from Burkina Faso. And the list of deaths continues.

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Digitizing the Western Gaze

The End FGM Guardian Global Media Campaign

Jessica Cammaert

, positioning the shared Ghanaian-Burkinabe borderland as central to its continuance. Despite harsher laws in Burkina Faso, to northeastern locals it is a procedure done “over there,” an issue which, on the ground has a tendency to divide, rather than unite

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Regime Collapse and Revolution

A Response to John Dunn

Hugo Slim

Formation and Decay . London : Hurst . Conway , Stephen . 2013 . A Short History of the American Revolutionary War . London : I. B. Tauris . Dickovick , J. Tyler . 2009 . “ Revolutionising Local Politics? Radical Experiments in Burkina Faso, Ghana

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Introduction

Human–Animal Relationships in the Middle East

Marjan Mashkour and Anahita Grisoni

articles approach the following geographical areas in this special issue: Turkey, Iran, ancient Persia, ancient Middle East and Northern Africa, Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan and Burkina Faso. Those areas are discussed according to very different methodologies

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Regional and sub-regional effects on development policies

The Benelux and the Nordic countries compared

Lauri Siitonen

as well as Mali in Western Africa—all poor and hardly any political allies to the Nordics. As for the Benelux group, sub-regional tendencies are also evident. Belgian and Luxembourgian aid goes primarily to French-speaking West Africa (Burkina Faso

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The Death Throes of Sacrificed Chicken

Triggering Critical Reflexive Stances on Ritual Action in Togo

Marie Daugey

among the Gurmanche of Burkina Faso, the words uttered in some sacrificial rite categories also play a crucial role in the divinity’s decision to accept the animal. The sacrificer has to read from an engraved piece of calabash the distinctive features