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Berlin as a Terrain of Cultural Policy: Outline of a Struggle

Wilfried van der Will

After considering the functions of capital cities this article argues that culture both as creative activity and as living heritage of customs and architectural assemblies plays a central role in the self-perception of present-day Berlin. The agents—public and private—that interact in the conception and execution of decisive initiatives in the remake of the city form an extensive cultural policy establishment. They derive their legitimation from regional and federal constitutions and from their command of attention in the public discourse. Berlin's claimed status as the most obvious German metropolis is not self-evident. Within the nation it is neither the center of finance, nor the media, nor the supreme courts. In Germany there are other towns and metropolitan regions with a similarly rich infrastructure that can compete at least nationally. But Berlin, building on Enlightenment traditions, is making a plausible effort in regaining its cosmopolitanism. Despite a host of problems, it is now surpassing the ethnic and cultural diversity that was lost in the years of Nazi dictatorship. Can it maintain its attraction for creative talent, both cultural and technological, in view of accelerating social divisions and gentrification?

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A Booming City in the Far North

Demographic and Migration Dynamics of Yakutsk, Russia

Svetlana Sukneva and Marlene Laruelle

rural parts of the republic to the capital city, a process that has reshaped the urban cultural landscape, making Yakutsk a genuine indigenous regional capital, the only one of its kind in the Russian North. This article delves into the demographic

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Conditional Freedom

A Portrait of Young Men's Sense of Belonging to the Street in Maputo, Mozambique

Andrea Moreira

young men navigate the spaces of urban life in the context of economic and social exclusion is the focus of this article. It is centered on the experiences of a group of young men who spent their days in a marketplace in Maputo, the capital city of

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Transnational Cultural Propaganda

French Cultural Policies in Britain during the Second World War

Charlotte Faucher

French cultural activities as an avenue for gathering support, something that he lacked in the early days of Free France. He first sought to obtain the informal backing of the main French cultural institution in the capital city: the Institut français du

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Air Connectivity and Proximity of Large Airports as an Added Value for Museums

Lázaro Florido-Benítez

the capital cities of developed countries where large airports are localized, as well as providing a high level of connectivity in the rest of the country. Tourism is highly dependent on the aviation sector ( Florido-Benítez 2022a ; 2022b ). The World

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The Palace of the Republic versus the Stadtschloss: The Dilemmas of Planning in the Heart of Berlin

Susanne Ledanff

On 4 July 2002, the German Bundestag had to decide on the future

of one of the capital city’s principal historical sites: the square known

as the Schlossplatz, where the Hohenzollern Palace once stood but

that since 1976 had been the site of the German Democratic Republic’s

flagship Palace of the Republic. It was not the first time that

German politicians had been called upon to decide issues relating to

art and architecture. On previous occasions votes had been taken on

the wrapping of the Reichstag by Christo and Jeanne-Claude, Sir

Norman Foster’s dome, Hans Haacke’s artistic installation “Der

Bevölkerung” inside the Reichstag, and Peter Eisenman’s design for

Berlin’s Holocaust memorial.1 Their decision to rebuild the historical

palace, however, differed in that the politicians did not vote on

an architectural design, “in eigener Sache.”2 That is, it was not a

building or monument belonging to the governmental or political

sphere of the capital city but rather a site likely to house cultural

institutions. Parliamentarians, thus, were called upon to settle a

twelve-year-old planning and architectural controversy after all other

means, including architectural competitions, had failed.

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From Rhetoric to Identification

Miscommunication in Inter-ethnic Contact

Rano Turaeva

The article analyses speech varieties among Uzbek migrants in Tashkent city in Uzbekistan to shed light on inter-ethnic contact. I do this through discussing various rhetorical strategies and linguistic means employed during the identification processes. 'We-codes' and 'They-codes' as well as the analysis of intent and 'perceived intent' are the centre of the theoretical argument of the article. It is important to consider communication and miscommunication when studying inter-ethnic relations and collective identities. I argue that it is necessary to distinguish between intent and what I call 'perceived intent' when analysing miscommunication. The data used for the article is drawn from the ethnography of communication among Khorezmians and other Uzbek groups in the capital city of Tashkent in Uzbekistan. Theoretically, the article contributes to the recent scholarly debate on language and identity pioneered by Gumperz, Hymes, Giles and Fishman among others.

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Book Reviews

Austin Harrington, Hermeneutic Dialogue and Social Science: A Critique of Gadamer and Habermas (Routledge: New York, 2001)

Review by Farid Abdel-Nour

Steve Breyman, Why Movements Matter: The West German Peace Movement and U.S. Arms Control Policy (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2001)

Review by Alice H. Cooper

Deborah Cohen, The War Come Home: Disabled Veterans in Britain and Germany, 1914-1939 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001)

Review by Frank Biess

Thomas Poguntke, Parteiorganisation im Wandel: Gesellschaftliche Verankerung und Organisatorische Anpassung Im Europäischen Vergleich (Wiesbaden: Westdeutscher Verlag GmbH, 2000)

Review by Steven A. Weldon

Elizabeth A. Strom, Building the New Berlin: The Politics of Urban Development in Germany’s Capital City (Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2001)

Review by Richard L. Merritt and Anna J. Merritt

Paul B. Jaskot, The Architecture of Oppression. The SS, Forced Labor and the Nazi Monumental Building Economy (London, New York: Routledge, 2000)

Review by William H. Rollins

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Hurt and the city

Landscapes of urban violence

Thomas Hall

This article considers violence and the urban landscape as implicated occurrences. Urban landscapes are approached as something other, and more, than the scenes of violence – backdrops or settings for unkindness. Instead the paper explores the ways in which the terrain and fabric of the city can partake of violence, can be caught up in its delivery. This is to posit landscape as something not so easily divisible from the encounters and experiences taking place within and across it. I develop this loosely phenomenological argument by serial illustration, ranging over time and space and touching down in the cities of Manchester, London, Paris and then Cardiff, a 21st century capital city busy ‘regenerating’ its urban core. Bringing the article to a close, and following in the steps of street‐level bureaucrats working with Cardiff's city centre homeless, I consider some contrary pairings of cruelty and kindness, and insist on (pedestrian) movement as constitutive of the urban landscape.

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Gendered Experiences of Mobility

Travel Behavior of Middle-class Women in Dhaka City

Shahnaz Huq-Hussain and Umme Habiba

This article examines the travel behavior of middle-class women in Dhaka, the capital city of Bangladesh and one of the world's largest and most densely populated cities. In particular, we focus on women's use of non-motorized rickshaws to understand the constraints on mobility for women in Dhaka. Primary research, in the form of an empirical study that surveyed women in six neighborhoods of Dhaka, underpins our findings. Our quantitative and qualitative data presents a detailed picture of women's mobility through the city. We argue that although over 75 percent of women surveyed chose the rickshaw as their main vehicle for travel, they did so within a complex framework of limited transport options. Women's mobility patterns have been further complicated by government action to decrease congestion by banning rickshaws from major roads in the city. Our article highlights the constraints on mobility that middle-class women in Dhaka face including inadequate services, poorly maintained roads, adverse weather conditions, safety and security issues, and the difficulty of confronting traditional views of women in public arenas.