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Classifying the Natives in Early Modern Ethnographies

Henry Lord's A Display of Two Foreign Sects in the East Indies (1630)

Amrita Sen and Jyotsna G. Singh

This article examines the politics and rhetorics of early modern ethnography via Henry Lord's famous treatise A Display of Two Foreign Sects in the East Indies (1630). Lord, a chaplain with the East India Company, attempted to classify Indian religious and caste identities—particularly those of the Banians—at a time when England's trading fortunes in India were still tenuous, though promising. Turning to the Shaster which he understands as the Banian Bible, Lord offers his readers a glimpse into Hindu mythologies—stories of genesis and the flood—which result in the creation of the four Indian castes. Understood in terms of humoral, psychological, and moral taxonomies these castes fall within emergent proto-racial hierarchies. Simultaneously, the journeys of the four brothers—Brammon, Cuttery, Shuddery, and Wyse—progenitors of their respective castes reenact familiar tropes of European travel writing combining the logic of profit with the “discovery” of hitherto unclaimed lands and erotic bodies.

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Waves of Dispossession

The Conversion of Land and Labor in Bali’s Recent History

Anette Fagertun

and that such conversions therefore represent important moments in the production of difference. The Bali Hindu caste system is another major means of structuring difference—one that interlocks with class and creates a unique framework for inequality

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Whose Reality Counts?

Emergent Dalitbahujan Anthropologists

Reddi Sekhara Yalamala

witness to their suffering (see also Scheper-Hughes 1995 ). With respect to the relevance of the social sciences in this regard, Ilaiah asks: “relevant to whom” (1989: ix)? For him, there is a need to eliminate the caste system forever and to build a new

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The Art of Doubting

A Jewish Perspective

Danny Rich

of politicians; and economic progress is evident everywhere. There are challenges, including a level of corruption, an obsession with bureaucracy and the leftovers of a complex caste system. The current prime minister, a biography of whom I was able

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Alexander Weiss

religiously separated groups but also the untouchables were treated as a legal unit. He hoped that spiritual and legal independence (“Swaraj”) would help to overcome the acknowledged social injustice without annihilating the caste system in general

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Singularity and Uncertainty

Counter-Ethics of Gender and Sexuality in an Indian Dream Analysis

Sarah Pinto

, 269 – 303 . Dave , N. 2012 . Queer Activism in India: A Story in the Anthropology of Ethics . Durham, NC : Duke University Press . 10.1215/9780822395683 Dumont , L. 1970 . Homo Hierarchicus: The Caste System and Its Implications , trans

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Introduction

Hierarchy, Value, and the Value of Hierarchy

Naomi Haynes and Jason Hickel

cases hierarchical sociality presupposes basic ontological difference—that is, the people who inhabit different ranks in the system are considered to be fundamentally different types of beings, as in the caste system as Dumont describes it—in other cases

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Demotion as Value

Rank Infraction among the Ngadha in Flores, Indonesia

Olaf H. Smedal

dignity of her natal House—she is still a sacrificial victim in the twenty-first century, only now her death is symbolic. Rank Compared I have noted some reasons why it is difficult to see how the Ngadha rank system and the Indian caste system can be

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Portrait

Ann Grodzins Gold

Ann Grodzins Gold, Bhrigupati Singh, Farhana Ibrahim, Edward Simpson, and Kirin Narayan

. 1994 . What Is Philosophy? Trans. Hugh Tomlinson and Graham Burchell . New York : Columbia University Press . Dumont , Louis . 1980 . Homo Hierarchicus: The Caste System and Its Implications . Trans. Mark Sainsbury . Chicago

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Visualising Resilience

Joe Sacco’s Safe Area Goražde

Pramod K. Nayar

that produced victims worldwide: the Chechen war, Iraq and the War on Terror, the Abu Ghraib horrors, the caste system in India, and others. Sacco undertook a daring experiment with his wordless The Great War (2013), based on the first day of the