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The Rule of Difference

How Emergency Powers Prevent Palestinian Assimilation in Israel

Yoav Mehozay

This article argues that Israel's non-assimilationist policy toward Palestinians-what I term Israel's 'rule of difference'-is embedded in the state's security conception. Under the guise of protecting the state and its people, Israel has successfully achieved two essential prongs of this political objective. Dating from the 1948 War, the state has created a series of legal mechanisms that have enabled it to expropriate Palestinian land. Similarly, it has refused to allow Palestinian political associations that espouse nationalist views or challenge the Jewish character of the state to organize or run candidates, even if their programs are clearly non-violent. Ultimately, the state has effectively blocked Palestinians' ability to participate in shaping policy. Ensuring security has thus aided the state in preventing the assimilation of this group into society.

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Linda D’Amico

opposition and as an alternative rhetoric to mining. I document processes Inteña(o)s employed to increase their civic participation. They created a social movement built upon innovative synergies that linked communities of practice across cultures. Not only

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Jennifer A. Jordan

How do groups of people produce particular markers of the past in the urban landscape? The terrain of markers in a given neighborhood, city, or country can result from the top-down vision of a centralized elite-or the relatively diverse, even contradictory, layers of multiple eras and multiple interest groups and actors. In post 1989 Berlin, the memorial landscape is a heterogeneous collection of statues, plaques, and conceptual memorial projects relating to various eras in the city?s nearly eight centuries of existence. More widely known sites may be created in somewhat top-down ways, and be the responsibility of federal and state officials. But, much memorial work happens at the district level, and in the hands of an array of local activists. This local responsibility clearly indicates the active involvement of both easterners and westerners in local democratic and civic processes in general, and in activities that shape the memorial terrain in particular. Despite the inequality of unification and the extensive institutional transfer that happened in many sectors of the political and economic arenas, many eastern Berliners play active roles in the civic life in general and memorial culture in particular of their neighborhoods and districts. These local practices result from the civic participation (and arguably social integration) of a range of Berlin?s residents, in both the eastern and western halves of the city.

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Frédéric Viguier

consequence, confidence in government responsiveness and efficacy are weakened. This decline in electoral turnout is also linked to the weakening of the working-class movement, which had promoted norms of civic participation and made national politics

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Peter Levine

of 1918 did not affect civic engagement because it fell during a period of economic growth for the United States. But the Great Depression presumably reduced Americans’ ability to afford civic participation, and many withdrew for a decade. I see two

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Communities of Practice at the Cidade do Saber

Plural Citizenship and Social Inclusion in Brazil

Carla Guerrón Montero

engaged civic participation (such as running for office or voting during elections), is not addressed directly at the CDS. However, in line with Freire’s ([1971] 1993) notion of conscientização (consciousness raising), the Centre has become a vehicle

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Mixed Message Media

Girls’ Voices and Civic Engagement in Student Journalism

Piotr S. Bobkowski and Genelle I. Belmas

and articulation of substantive issues that student journalists can develop the skills and dispositions that support their civic participation beyond high school. Our study also shows, unfortunately, that girls’ experiences in journalism often echo

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Whose Austria?

Muslim Youth Challenge Nativist and Closed Notions of Austrian Identity

Farid Hafez

possibilities of civic participation. As Astrid Mattes (2016) has shown in her study of civic engagement in the MJÖ, this organization offers a variety of possibilities for its members through linking, bridging and bonding social capital. Activities involving

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“Stumbling Upon Feminism”

Teenage Girls’ Forays into Digital and School-Based Feminisms

Crystal Kim and Jessica Ringrose

learn about gender equalities is not only insufficient but harmful to girls. A paradigmatic shift from school policy that positions social media as space of risk and danger to one of treating it as an opportunity for learning and engagement about civic

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A Useless Subject?

Teaching Civic Education in Italy from the School Programs of 1958 to the Present Day

Paolo Bianchini and Maria Cristina Morandini

systems, civic principles, civic participation, and civic identity) all of which are, in turn, divided into further subtopics. For each of the ten manuals examined, we ascertained the number of ICCS indicators present. The results were unexpected. Although