In contrast to the "official history" of the Conseil d'État that presents it as a prestigious and neutral institution, new work ought to reflect on how the grand corps of the Conseil d'État has been implicated in the major issues and crises of French political history, especially in the twentieth century. Drawing on recent historiography, this article focuses in particular on the Conseil d'État during World War II and the Algerian War. It also analyzes the variety of everyday practices of the Conseil d'État and its role in the development of administrative law. Finally, this article examines the professional careers of the members of the grand corps that have staffed this institution. It thus seeks to chart, through the study of a single institution, a path for writing the political history of the state administration that engages with the work of legal scholars as well as political scientists.
La difficile écriture de l'histoire du Conseil d'État
The making of law. An ethnography of the Conseil d’État by Latour, Bruno
ANNE FRIEDERIKE DELOUIS
Law and Politics in Interwar France
Pierre Laroque's Search for a Democratic Corporatism
Pierre Laroque, the architect of French social security, emerged during the 1930s as an advocate for the corporatist management of industrial relations. Laroque's corporatist views were an outgrowth of his educational background and his experiences as a young civil servant. A member of the Conseil d'État, he came under the influence of the main doctrines of French public law. During the first half of the twentieth century, legal thinkers such as Léon Duguit and Maurice Hauriou elaborated theoretical justifications for the growing interventionism of the state. As a student of the law, Pierre Laroque became concerned with maintaining the balance between the necessity of state intervention and the preservation of individual and collective rights, thus explaining his interest in administrative decentralization. By the mid-1930s, after being assigned to the Conseil National Économique, he became interested in industrial conflict and applied a similar approach to the issue of collective bargaining. Impressed by the social achievements of Fascist Italy, Laroque advocated the corporatist management of industrial relations, an objective that he promoted in a succession of political and intellectual forums associated with the nonconformist movement. A new collective bargaining mechanism would bring together the state, business, and labor in order to mediate and resolve industrial disputes. Unlike the Fascists, however, this form of corporatism did not break with democratic or republican principles; rather, it was a decentralized administrative structure that compensated for the weaknesses of the collective bargaining process while providing a new forum for the cultivation of social solidarity.
The Whiteness of French Food
Law, Race, and Eating Culture in France
French food and to be French. 102 Families and associations have litigated, claiming that some of the cantines ’ practices are discriminatory, but the courts have tended to side with the government. In 2002, the Conseil d' État considered the case of
Durkheim (and Mauss) before Durkheim
replacement of a whole identity. The returnees recovered their possessions, and it is noted that ‘the dossier that took the longest time to deal with’ concerned Mauss’s real estate (p. 158), processed by the Conseil d’État in 1950 (although the exact date is
Remembering the PCF and the CGT
Conseil d'État from 1993 to 1997. He also continued to be active in left politics, initially in grouplets such as Rencontres Communistes and other left clubs, publications and movements, including Herzog's Confrontations (Moynot, Chapter 16). He never
The Value of Nation
Bureaucratic Practices and the Lived Experience in the French Naturalization Process
wish to be French and the public authority has discretionary power to grant or refuse the request for French citizenship. As the Conseil d'État (the state's highest administrative jurisdiction) has repeatedly pointed out (namely in the Abecassis
The Legal Construction of the Notion of Anti-White Racism in France
“ministerial order” ( circulaire ). Nevertheless, the French Administrative Supreme Court (the Conseil d'État or CdE) upheld the validity of the order. 43 In a few rare cases, the Cour de cassation held that certain images or statements could be
Administrative guidelines as a source of immigration law?
Ethnographic perspectives on law at work and in the making
Press ). Latour , B. ( 2002 ), La Fabrique du droit, une ethnolgie du Conseil d'Ètat ( Paris : La Découverte ). Lipsky , M. ( 1980 ), Street-Level Bureaucracy: Dilemmas of the Individual in Public Services ( New York : Russell Sage
Commons, Associations, and Possibilities of Egalitarian Life in Paris, France
police officers forced Muslim women to undress or leave the beaches. But, quite surprisingly to many, at the end of August the Conseil d'État (Council of State) ruled against such a ban, deeming it unconstitutional and illegal since it invaded personal