We argue that road engineers—in the cases presented in the articles in this special section—were acting as cultural actors, playing a greater role than experts and especially policy makers. Even as they utilized technical information in cultural debates, road representation had huge symbolic value in driving the social and political discussions. However, once road experts used and accepted such political tools, they could not disconnect themselves from the political process, which determined success and failure in these projects.
Engineers as Cultural Actors—Introduction
Massimo Moraglio and Bruce Seely
Redeeming Lady Macbeth
Gender and Religion in Justin Kurzel's Macbeth (2015)
Justin Kurzel's Macbeth (2015) reflects the religious intertextuality that permeates cultural debates about gender underlying Shakespeare's text. The aim of this article is to determine the extent to which Kurzel's cinematic text challenges or conforms to medieval and early modern gender construals in its attempt to allegedly rewrite and redeem Lady Macbeth by articulating hegemonic Christian and Pagan discourses on womanhood, femininity and (dis)embodiment. In this context, Julian of Norwich's theology, especially her conception of ‘divine motherhood’ and sin, is key to assess the film's concern with atoning Lady Macbeth for her transgressions through its depiction of her haunting motherhood, which is presented as the origin of her grief and guilt as well as her road to penitence and redemption.
'Both in Men's Clothing'
Gender, Sovereignty and Insecurity in Richard Marsh's The Beetle
On its publication in 1897 Richard Marsh’s The Beetle was more popular than Dracula. However, in the latter part of the twentieth century its popularity with both readers and critics waned, and it is only now that Marsh’s story of the Egyptian beetle-creature seeking vengeance on a British politician is attracting renewed critical interest. It is not my intention here to take serious issue with any of these important and revealing critical discussions, which variously explore the novel in terms of fears over ‘reverse colonisation’; depictions of the ‘abhumanness’ of the female body; and cultural debates on the nature and significance of trance-states. Rather, I wish to open up discussion of the novel by identifying some of the important and peculiar features of this – admittedly very peculiar – novel, that have not so far received the attention they deserve. These thus-far critically neglected features include: the significance of the opening chapters’ emphases upon vagrancy and destitution; the novel’s exploration of ‘political authority’ and its ambivalence towards its central male character, the liberal politician; and the representation of the New Woman. More specifically I wish to investigate the historical and ideological motivations for what I consider to be the novel’s conflation of its New Woman character with the figure of the emasculated and vagrant clerk.
Affinities with the 'Old' Continent or the 'Fatherland'
Assent and Dissent in U.S. Culture, 1830-1940
Travel accounts invariably juxtapose the country visited, the cultural practices of its inhabitants and its sites and institutions with the corresponding phenomena in the country of origin. This frequently gives rise to, or reflects, ethical dilemmas since the process of cross-cultural representation involved naturally prompts an assessment of the cultural assets and the liabilities of the country of origin. The following article concerns itself with American accounts of travels to the ‘Old World’, especially to Germany and other parts of Central Europe, with reflections on United States society as a result of the encounter with the ‘Fatherland’ or certain aspects of other national cultures in Europe. This article sheds light on the significance of Germany to American travellers and its importance for the cultural debate in the United States. It examines the increasing attention paid to Germany because of its rise to a cultural centre in Europe. It also takes into consideration the ever growing number of immigrants to the United States from Germany and deals with the complex differentiation between German-speaking people. It further notes the awareness of American observers of the denominational divide between predominantly Protestant northern Germany and its Catholic south, which until the Great War included the German-speaking parts of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The various subregions of Germany elicited different reactions from the visitors depending on their own religion and cultural background. The study also pays special attention to American travellers from the Southern States, whose well-documented reactions to their European journeys deserve special consideration as they have been less frequently analyzed than those of their Northern compatriots.
Virgin in a Condom and Te Papa: 25 Years On
failed to adequately explain why it had stuck to its guns: “Other than enlisting [Kovats] who has had to speak for herself, they have so far only argued simply that Te Papa is a place which must function as a site of cultural debate.” Tellingly, within
Julia Elsky, Charles Keith, John Shovlin, and Daniel Williford
cultural debates about, and within, the French Catholic Church and among French Catholics. Unlike in Faith in Empire , West Africans play a central role in African Catholic : this is, in my view, the book's greatest strength. Even France's postwar
The Normal Foreskin
Puberty, Adolescence, and Growing Up
Jonathan A. Allan
ritual persuasions” (1999: 43). Needless to say, circumcision and the foreskin are at the heart of cultural debates over the penis, particularly in the American context, though we can also admit these debates extend far beyond the American context
Scott Lasensky, Ilan Peleg, Ned Lazarus, Don Seeman, and Assaf Zimring
reader right into the eye of the storm. His is a wide-ranging examination of intellectual, political, and cultural debates and trends spanning Israel's seven decades, plus the 70 years of Zionist and Western thinking and political history that preceded
Linda Howell, Ryan Bell, Laura Helen Marks, Jennifer L. Lieberman, and Joseph Christopher Schaub
and survival in oppressive institutional environments. Other essays in the collection explore the ways that the representation of specific characters intersects with the cultural debate on larger social issues. In Kalima Y. Young’s “We Will Survive
Dressing the Modern Jewish Communist Girl in Interwar Paris
century were radically simplified.” 13 Roberts also argues that the “cultural debates on women” emerged as a discursive construction and target for interwar French social and cultural discomfort with the perceived degradation of French civilization. 14