’s initiative. 20 This further deepened the peripheral status of the region. As unstable crisis countries, Italy and Spain were destined to (reluctantly) follow rather than to contribute to Germany’s leadership. The Central-Eastern European ( cee ) periphery of
The transformation process of eastern Germany began with the fall of the Berlin Wall on November 11, 1989. The time needed to formally replace the former socialist system with a market economy was short, not more than one year. But transformation should be defined in a broader sense and include the process of integrating the former socialist economies into the world markets and of establishing sustainable growth in that area. In that sense, the transformation of eastern Germany is far from finished (this is even more the case for central-eastern European economies).
Women's and Gender History Written in Hungary in the State-Socialist Period
This article discusses writing on women's and gender history in the pre-1945 period, written and published in Hungary under state socialism. Education, struggle for social change, legal history, and the history of work formed the four most important clusters in this rich body of historiography. Considering the position of these publications in the state-socialist or Cold War period and in Central Eastern European historiography and their uneasy relation to gender history as established since the 1980s, we can characterize them as a triply marginalized body of writing. The article pinpoints how the authors connected the history of women and gender to larger processes of emancipation, other categories of analysis, and transnational perspectives in historical writing, and explores their contribution to the historiography of women and gender in the twentieth century and to the intellectual history of state socialism. It also discusses why this historiography has fallen into oblivion.
Monika Rudaś-Grodzka, Katarzyna Nadana-Sokołowska, Anna Borgos and Dorottya Rédai
Eastern Europe. The focus of this book is an era that has been little explored until now. While gay and lesbian archives with outstanding and remarkable collections can be found in Western countries, access to such stories in Hungary (and the whole Central
, 54 – 72 . Oxford : Berghahn Books . Mark , James . 2010 . The unfinished revolution: Making sense of the communist past in Central-Eastern Europe . New Haven, CT : Yale University Press . Mendel , Maria . 2010 . “Tożsamość zbiorowa jako
Staying and leaving as tactics of life in Latvia
exit? Unstable industrial relations in Central Eastern Europe ”. Industrial Relations Journal 38 ( 6 ): 503 – 523 . Moses , Jonathan W. 2005 . “ Exit, voice and sovereignty: Migration, states and globalization ”. Review of International