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Using Photovoice to Explore Migrant Women's Sociospatial Engagement in Diverse Local Urban Areas of Santiago, Chile

Carolina Ramírez

This visual essay shows the sociospatial dynamics of local engagement developed by migrants in a context of crisis. The practices of neighborhood participation I identified evolved in the conjuncture of two milestones in Chile. The first was the

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Posesión de Tiempo Inmemorial (Possession of Time Immemorial)

Tenants in Court and Proprietary Formalization. Rengo, Chile, 1820–1830

Víctor Brangier and Mauricio Lorca

delimitation of rights between small and medium tenants. The agricultural valley of Rengo, in the central zone of Chile, in the 1820s, was selected as the context under study. This was an area of transition between, on the one hand, the existence of fragile

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Migrant Residents in Search of Residences

Locating Structural Violence at the Interstices of Bureaucracies

Megan Sheehan

Over the past 20 years, migration to Chile has increased dramatically in size and scope, driven by Chile’s return to democracy, growing economy, and demand for unskilled labor. As migrants settle in Chile, they face numerous encounters with

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The Governance of the Nature-Culture Nexus: Lessons Learned from the San Pedro de Atacama Case Study

Constanza Parra and Frank Moulaert

results of the case study of San Pedro de Atacama in Chile. It examines the nature-culture interaction by use of the analytical framework and focuses on the meaning of nature-culture interaction for the governance dynamics of the case study area. San Pedro

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Ways of Not-Knowing in Neoliberal Chile

Notes Towards a Dark Anthropology

Diana Espírito Santo, Marjorie Murray, and Paulina Salinas

nevertheless. Through two radically different case studies based in Chile – ufology and mothering among low-income communities – we will argue that it is possible to delineate the conceptual tools to describe what Roy Wagner argues as the ‘third way’ or

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On People, Sensorial Perception, and Potential Affinity in Southern Chile

Cristóbal Bonelli

months of fieldwork carried out in the district of Alto Bío Bío in Southern Chile, where more than 80 percent of the population are Pehuenche-Mapuche people residing in the mountains, in this article I would like to suggest that potential affinity, as a

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Engineering responsibility

Environmental mitigation and the limits of commensuration in a Chilean mining project

Fabiana Li

Focusing on a controversial gold mining project in Chile, this article examines how engineers and other mining professionals perceive and help shape Corporate Social Responsibility initiatives. Compensation agreements, environmental management, and community relations programs rest on what I call a logic of equivalence that makes the environmental consequences of mining activity commensurate with the mining companies’ mitigation plans. For example, legal codes enable engineers to measure, compare, and reconcile the costs and benefits of a project. However, the law is neither fixed nor uncontestable, and companies must respond to increased public scrutiny and the growing demands of communities, governments, and international actors. In Chile, campaigns against mining focused on the presence of glaciers at the mine site and the project’s possible effects on water availability. By introducing new moral dimensions to debates over corporate responsibility, these campaigns challenged established strategies of commensuration and existing ethical guideposts.

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Functional multi-track and multilevel economic diplomacy to strengthen trade relations between Indonesia, Chile, and Peru

Conditions for success

Fredy B.L. Tobing and Asra Virgianita

at the bilateral level, Indonesia has held several partnerships including the Indonesia–Japan Economic Partnership (IJEPA), Indonesia–Pakistan FTA, Indonesia–European Region, Indonesia– European Union, Indonesia–Australia, Indonesia–Chile, and

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La política internacional chilena del gobierno de la Unidad Popular

Un intento de pluralismo en las relaciones internacionales

Jorge Magasich Airola

*Full article is in Spanish

English abstract: The government of Salvador Allende attempted to replace the traditional Chilean foreign policy of alignment with one of the blocks of the Cold War and its “ideological borders,” with a new international policy of “ideological pluralism,” aiming to establish new commercial and diplomatic relations between different countries, regardless of their national political regimes. This policy involved the defense of the principles and objectives of the so-called Third World, which included proposals to: reform the international financial order; promote Latin American integration, especially of the Andean countries; improve Chile's relationship with three neighboring countries and negotiate border disputes; and create a judicial entity to face hostility from the U.S. government. The development of this new foreign policy was interrupted by the coup d'état. Nevertheless, four decades later, it gained importance, and this policy became a reference for many Latin American governments.

Spanish abstract: El gobierno de Salvador Allende intentó reemplazar la tradicional política exterior chilena de alineamiento con uno de los bloques de la Guerra Fría y sus “fronteras ideológicas”, por una nueva política internacional de “pluralismo ideológico”, lo que significa establecer relaciones diplomáticas y comerciales con todos los países del mundo, independientemente del régimen interno que los rija. Tal política implica la defensa de los principios y objetivos del entonces llamado “Tercer Mundo”, la cual incluye proposiciones para reformar el orden financiero internacional; la promoción de la integración latinoamericana, particularmente la de los países andinos; relaciones cuidadosas con tres vecinos negociando los litigios fronterizos; y la búsqueda de una instancia jurídica para afrontar la hostilidad del gobierno estadounidense. Pese a que la mayor parte de esta nueva política internacional quedó sólo en sus inicios pues fue interrumpida por el golpe de Estado, cuatro décadas más tarde ha cobrado actualidad, transformándose en una referencia para varios gobiernos de la región.

French abstract: Le gouvernement de Salvador Allende a essayé de remplacer l'alignement traditionnel de la politique étrangère du Chili avec l'un des blocs de la guerre froide et de ses «frontières idéologiques», par une nouvelle politique internationale du «pluralisme idéologique». Autrement dit, établir des relations diplomatiques et commerciales avec tous les pays, indépendamment de leurs régimes politiques propres. Une telle politique impliquait la défense des principes et objectifs de ce qu'on appelait alors «Tiers Monde», qui comprend des propositions visant à réformer l'ordre financier international; la promotion de l'intégration latino-américaine, en particulier celle des pays andins ; l'entretien des relations chaleureuses avec ses trois voisins concernant la négociation des différends frontaliers; et l'instauration d'une instance juridique destinée à faire face à l'hostilité du gouvernement des Etats-Unis. Bien que l'essentiel de cette nouvelle politique étrangère fût esseulée à ses débuts puis interrompue par un coup d'Etat, quatre décennies plus tard elle est devenue d'actualité, tout en s'imposant comme une référence pour de nombreux gouvernements de la région.

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The problem with “transparency”

Moral contests and ethical possibilities in mining impact reporting

Sally Babidge

Subterranean waters in the mineral-rich and water-poor Atacama desert, northern Chile, are subject to contest between resource-extracting companies and mostly indigenous residents. In complying with global Corporate Social Responsibility standards and local agreements, and in an effort to reduce opposition from indigenous groups, some mining companies have begun to undertake “transparency” reporting regarding the impact of their subterranean water extraction activities. These engagements present a moral interface between two streams of global discourse: the CSR principle of “transparency” on impacts of water extraction and the rights of indigenous peoples to “native waters.” An ethnographic study of a set of such engagements shows indigenous community rejection of the truths that transparency purports to reveal. However, the apparent intractability of moral contest in such globally comparative and locally specific contexts in terms of distrust of the mining companies is tempered by a proposition for the ethics of engagement.