Cairo's City of the Dead embodies the social and cultural stratification that has occurred over the course of Egyptian history. Nowadays, its syncretic culture is a mixture of urban and rural aspects - a 'rurban' culture. In an effort to escape from the poverty of their hamlets, rural migrants started to move to the capital during the last decades of Ottoman rule, ending up in the fringe zones of the city. During the second wave of migration in the twentieth century, the poorest segments illicitly occupied abandoned or rarely visited funeral courtyards. The article explores how this district has been restructured by the occupation. It analyses the meaning of the physical and cultural transformations of funerary spaces, as well as the migrants' role in the formation of the locality.
Rural Identity versus Urban Arena in Cairene Cultural Narrative and Public Discourse
Anna Tozzi Di Marco
Moments in the History of African-American Masculine Mobilities
Consciousness (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1993); Joseph R. Roach, Cities of the Dead: Circum-Atlantic Performance , The Social Foundations of Aesthetic Forms (New York: Columbia University Press, 1996). 14 All these data are from: NYCLU Stop
Images of London in Dissolution in the Novels of William Le Queux
liable to disease, and so unfruitful that each family rotted out in two or three generations. But for the constant influx of fresh blood from the country, London would long ago have been a City of the Dead. 23 Moreover, Le Queux followed the ideas of