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To Bear Witness After the Era of the Witness

The Projects of Christophe Boltanski and Ivan Jablonka

Donald Reid

not these, but his grandparents who inhabited them. The Communist Party was outlawed in interwar Poland, so Matès and Idesa lived illegally in Poland and then in Third Republic France, where their efforts to regularize their situation were unsuccessful

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Dynamics of Multidimensional Interaction

The Beijing Upheaval of 1989 Revisited

Rilly Chen and Fei Yan

published memoirs of top Chinese Communist Party (CCP) members and key student leaders of the time as primary sources, this article provides more convincing data for the accurate account of the 1989 Beijing Spring. In particular, this article will illustrate

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L'écriture et le parti

Jorge Semprún's Lasting Experience of Communism

Donald Reid

The Communist Party expelled members. Others sought to expel the party from their lives when they left. 1 However, to understand Communism in postwar France and Europe as more than a political party with certain positions or seats in parliament

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The 'Anti-Existentialist Offensive': The French Communist Party against Sartre (1944-1948)

David Drake

This article considers Sartre's relations with the French Communist Party (PCF) in the years immediately following the Liberation when the PCF considered that, of all the prominent French intellectuals, it was Sartre who posed the greatest threat. This article opens by situating the PCF within the French political landscape immediately after the Liberation and addressing its attitudes towards intellectuals. It then examines the main themes of the attacks launched by the PCF, between 1944 and the staging of Les Mains sales (Dirty Hands) in 1948, on both Sartre and existentialism and the reasons for these attacks. It concludes by noting the differences between the PCF and Sartre on three specific political issues during this period.

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Remuneration of Siberian Communist Party workers in the early 1920s

Grigorii L. Olekh

In the immediate post-Soviet communist period, investigators were eager to expose the privileged and wealthy life-style of Communist Party (CP) officials, lumping them all together both sociologically and chronologically. This created a false impression that all CP workers had always enjoyed material and other advantages ever since the Revolution. Using material from Siberian archives, the author suggests that, on the contrary, during the early 1920s, workers in the CP provincial, district and regional committees experienced severe material hardship, and often received no wages at all for long periods. The parlous condition of the Soviet economy as a whole at this time was reflected in the low, or non-existent, pay of Party functionaries, and in the inefficiency, confusions and tensions between the central authorities and regional officials struggling to carry out their Party work on a shoe-string, often living at barely subsistence levels. Various 'Party perks' - for example, in the form of free medical provision or low-cost housing - often existed on paper only. The small gains that were made, however, whetted an appetite for their enlargement and consolidation.

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Putting Humpty-Dumpty Back Together Again: Communism’s Collapse and the Reconstruction of the East German Ex-Communist Party

Daniel F. Ziblatt

The collapse of communism did not follow any single path in east

central Europe. In Hungary and Poland, the transition was marked

by early negotiations between opposition elites and the ruling Communist

party. In East Germany and Czechoslovakia, the regimes fell

victim to a sudden and quick implosion. In Romania and Bulgaria,

internal coups replaced the ruling communist elite with other members

of the nomenklatura. The transitions away from communist rule

diverged from each other in timing, manner, and degree.

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War and Memory

The Israeli Communist Commemoration of the Spanish Civil War, 1936–1986

Amir Locker-Biletzki

Brigades (IB). The aim of this article is to explore how the Spanish Civil War and the (mostly Jewish) Palestinian volunteers in the IB were commemorated by the Palestine Communist Party (PKP), the Israeli Communist Party (Maki), and the Israeli Young

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Sartre in Austria

Boycott, Scandals, and the Fight for Peace

Juliane Werner

everywhere. Sartre’s seeming readiness to suddenly cooperate with the Communists is related to the failure of the troisième voie , Sartre’s endeavor to create a left-wing movement more democratic than the French Communist Party (PCF) and more revolutionary

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Behind Closed Doors?

The Private Lives of the Minor Communist Party Activists in Romania, 1945–1960

Cristina Diac

. In April 1957, he also became a member of the Romanian Communist Party (RCP). It was likely that the social status he had achieved through his education and party membership helped the engineer solve his housing issue: in May 1957, one month after M

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Struggles in “the Stronghold of World Imperialism”

East German “People's Friendship” as Nontraditional Diplomacy in the United States, 1961-1989

Jason Johnson

nontraditional diplomacy for the country's ruling communist party, the Socialist Unity Party ( sed ). 3 The League worked to actualize the country's foreign policy goals and to foster relationships abroad. As historian Hans-Georg Golz noted in his monograph on