This article discusses the historical value of Ottoman women’s periodicals published in the aftermath of the 1908 Revolution, which marked the beginning of the Constitutional Era (1908–1918). Through specific examples of women’s writings in the press, it illustrates how these periodicals can shed light on the previously unexplored aspects of this period. The article argues that women’s journals allow scholars both to recover the identities and stories of hundreds of women, which would have been lost otherwise, and to challenge the mainstream historiography, which has traditionally presented a one-dimensional portrayal of the Constitutional Era by privileging men’s voices and experiences over women’s. It demonstrates that women’s journals not only reveal a dynamic, flexible, and complex milieu, in which women could and did act as agents of both social and political change, but also signify the multifaceted transformation the Revolution of 1908 caused in Ottoman society in the early twentieth century.
gender-related issues within the changing political context of their periods, namely, the coming of the Second Constitutional Era (1908–1918) and the Balkan Wars (1912–1913), respectively. These plays demonstrate how women dramatists embraced a
Challenges and Prospects
Alp Eren Topal and Einar Wigen
debate after the fall of Hamidian absolutism and the initiation of the Second Constitutional Era in 1908 is again arguably a second instance of rupture. Within the following decade, the empire went through several major crises (most notably, the Balkan
Pınar Melis Yelsalı Parmaksız
. The CUP seized state power in the constitutional revolution of 1908. During Ikinci Meşrutiyet (the Second Constitutional Era, 1908–1920), especially after 1919, the CUP implemented social and cultural reforms in line with westernization efforts while