In East Asia, climate change as a policy concern has been a late developer. The last decade, however, has seen the mainstreaming of environmental issues in core policy circles, but in the form of market-friendly, pro-industrial development framings. This paper problematizes such environmental framings by looking at the politics of state-led ecological modernization and the institutional reforms that have emerged out of it. It argues that State-led ecological modernization necessarily leads to environmental framings that are too narrowly defined by state and industrial interests - hence the focus on carbon emissions, energy security and the impact on Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The State-driven assumption that society can modernize itself out of its environmental crisis through greater advancements in technological development also ignores the fact that this process often leads to the creation of other environmental and social problems, which in turn undermines the fundamental goals of stability and sustainability. Civil society needs to be given greater space in the policy and framing processes in order to have a more balanced policy approach to environmental reform in a more equitable way.
The ethics of liberal developmentalism and multicultural governance in South Korea
Multiculturalism has often been articulated through imperial and civilizational discourses that identify tolerance with the liberal West and intolerance with nonliberal societies and cultures. This article explores how the focus of the civilizational gaze is turned on the allegedly “not yet tolerant self“ in the neoliberal developmental state of South Korea. The mode of the liberal government that recently emerged in South Korea has been shaped not in the self-celebratory rhetoric of “what we are“ but in the self-critical, developmentalist rhetoric of “what we lack.“ Drawing from my fieldwork among local civic actors working in the field of migration, I discuss how the civic discourse of damunhwa, or “multiculturalism,“ that emerged in opposition to the “governmental objectification“ of migrant groups redirects the focus onto the ethical improvement of the general population, relying on another form of reified otherness that captures migrants and their presence in the country as “opportunities“ for South Korea's moral ventures.
Japan’s internal cohesion and external conflict with neighbors
Robert W. Compton Jr.
’s deformed dual economy and stated that its developmental state policies created a country that “[Japan] is operating by a kind of comparative dis advantage. The efforts it makes to preserve its weaker sectors are driving its best away” (p. 52) and
Rival Narratives of Germany in South Korean Public Spheres, 1990–2015
Jin-Wook Shin and Boyeong Jeong
“developmental state,” 11 was an important reference point for South Korean rulers during the military dictatorship (1961–1987). In addition, the influence of the u.s. on South Korea was enormous after the end of World War II. Under the conditions of the
State Intervention and the Overcoming of Dependency in Africa before the Crisis of the 1970s
distortions is flawed. Here instead the backdrop to the argument is the developmental state literature that has been applied to various parts of the world but which originated with writing on East Asia. The initial model for this development was Japan as a
Tax Beyond the Social Contract
Nicolette Makovicky and Robin Smith
contract may rest less on Fabian notions of citizens contributing to the state than on the ideal of a ‘developmental state’ investing the national wealth to improve the lives of its citizens ( Bräutigam et al. 2008 ; Meagher 2018: 4 ). Miranda Sheild
Activists, anthropologists, and the state in India
’s analysis of the Arivoli Iyakkam is a case study of the transforming goals and character of the Indian state. Part of the reason for the literacy movement’s wide reach and influence was because it could co-exist with an older Nehruvian developmental state
African Megaprojects at a Situated Scale
Serena Stein and Marc Kalina
within the developmental state philosophy of the mid-twentieth century. Yet, within this trajectory, there have been few scholarly attempts 1 to trace the genealogy and evolution of the concept. The discourse of a “development corridor” was first coined
Changing conceptions of boredom, progress, and the future among young men in urban Ethiopia, 2003–2015
repositioning they had previously imagined. The failure to actualize narratives of progress left young men stuck in the present, bored and waiting for change. “Africa rising,” a developmental state, and the end of boredom After completing my long-term research
Timothy M. Shaw and Abigail Kabandula
“developmental state” at the start of the second decade of the century (2011 and 2012), reminiscent of the activist role of the UNECLA for dependent development in a previous era: an African variant of earlier Asian NICs with dirigiste regimes. These need to be