Following the distinction between horizontal and vertical shamanism originally proposed by Stephen Hugh-Jones, this article examines the concept of nagualism in different Mesoamerican indigenous societies and the role that animal domestication has played in these conceptions. Through a comparative study of indigenous societies like the Nahua, Huave, and Tzotzil Maya, different relationships between the human and animal worlds are analyzed in order to show the changes in ontological frameworks that took place during the colonial period, through the introduction of extensive livestock farming. As a protective institution, post-colonial nagualism developed in indigenous societies that have domesticated animals because farmers see their relationship with their flocks similarly to the connection between themselves and their protecting spirits.
A Comparative Approach to Mesoamerican Shamanism
Women and Siberian exile from the late 16th to the early 19th centuries
Andrew A. Gentes
This article aims at filling the historiographical gap of the part played by women in the early Siberian exile system. The state exploited both their bodies and labour, forcing them to be sexual pacifiers and producers of babies as well as 'frontier domesticators' in general. First sent in the late sixteenth century, their numbers increased after the Ulozhenie of 1649, which largely replaced the death sentence with exile. Further important stages in development were marked by Peter the Great as part of his construction of a service state and by Catherine the Great using Siberia for the purposes of expanding the population and removing schismatics. By the end of the eighteenth century, just over 50 per cent of more than half a million Russians living in Siberia's rural areas were women, both exiles and 'volunteers'. The article concludes that the treatment of such women impeded later Russian efforts to create a healthy society.
Bicycle Practices in 1920s' and 1930s' Finland Remembered in 1971-1972
The article studies rural cycling in Finland in the 1920s and 1930s through a folklore survey conducted in 1971-1972. Written memories enable a rare insight in the disappeared practices of bicycle use in the countryside. Comparing the role of the bicycle in the remembered time and the time of remembering, the article furthermore scrutinizes the role of historical narratives in the cultural constructions of the bicycle. Instead of demonstrating a linear, universal decline in the face of motorization, changes in bicycle use and redefinitions of the bicycle are linked to fundamental societal changes.
Konstantin B. Klokov
In the 1990s, dramatic socio-economic changes caused by the collapse of the Soviet Union greatly impacted reindeer husbandry across Russia. The overall decline of reindeer population at the federal level can be directly linked to economic reforms, which affected all branches of the economy. However, different local herding communities adopted different strategies, which resulted in various and even contradictory trends of reindeer numbers at the regional level. This article analyzes this diversity using statistics from the federal, regional, and local levels, and interviews with herders in different northern regions.
Animals and Human Knowledge
Many premodern technologies have relied on the utility of domesticated animals, harnessed to support human activities of transportation, agriculture, and warfare. The culture of domestication required humans who were traditionally trained in the
An Anthropology of Marine Stock Enhancement Science in Japan
difference and the enactment of science and technology in the domestication of aquatic species and fishery resource conservation. Contemporary fisheries and coastal management are complex and conditioned by the global market economy, international
pour le chien, la liberté qui s’y rattache n’est pas à l’abri de l’aliénation ; elle prend parfois des formes étranges et crée une très nette domination de la liberté humaine sur celle de l’animal. La domestication comme privation de la liberté La
Kinship Relationships in Thai Spirit Cults
Andrew Alan Johnson
entered the historical narrative and points to a clear path toward a political solution. It has ceased to be simply ‘death’ and has instead been domesticated as ‘martyrdom’. Here, I take up Siegel’s (2006) notion of death as an a priori Other in order
Paaras Abbas and Into A. Goudsmit
Gill, Nick, and Anthony Good (eds) (2019), Asylum Determination in Europe: Ethnographic Perspectives (London: Palgrave Macmillan).
Ellison, Susan Helen (2018), Domesticating Democracy: The Politics of Conflict Resolution in Bolivia (Durham, NC: Duke University Press).
Domesticating Democracy: The Politics of Conflict Resolution in Bolivia Susan Helen Ellison. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2018, ISBN: 9780822371083, 296 pp., Pb. $25.95.
Reviewed by Nico Tassi