Directly Observed Treatment – Short-course (DOTS) has been promoted by the WHO globally as the preferred standard approach to tuberculosis control and treatment since the mid 1990s. In India, DOTS has been gradually implemented as a national programme since 1997, covering the entire country by 2006. DOTS is a highly complex healthcare intervention that involves universal monitoring of all patients, access to high quality drugs and the adoption of an individually supervised drug intake by patients through a system of DOT-providers. This article discusses the gradual implementation of DOTS in India as an intervention based on politically agreed 'truths' that create 'successful treatment stories' and 'defaulters', and it explores dimensions of temporality linked to the understanding of 'event' at different ontological scales from the perspectives of 'defaulters' and the health care system respectively.
Daito Manabe and Motoi Ishibashi
“Particles” is a hybrid of kinetic and light art installations that creates unique patterns of three-dimensional floating and flickering dots. In a dark room, a sixteen-level, eight-shaped “toboggan-like” rail structure is set up. The structure is 7.5m high and 8m wide where 120 balls with built in LEDs roll down the spiral rails. Each ball also has a built-in connection which allows the LEDs to be activated remotely. As the balls roll down the rails, three-dimensional flickering patterns emerge as the individual balls blink on and off.
Paul Edmondson and Paul Franssen
This issue of Critical Survey is dedicated to the life of Shakespeare, from a variety of angles ranging from biofiction to what we would recognise as more traditional biography. To begin with the latter: from one perspective, Shakespearean biography may be said to be booming, with a major new account of the life, or even two, coming out just about every year. Paradoxically, from another perspective, Shakespearean biography might be said to be in crisis: not a crisis of dearth, but one of plenty. How can standards of quality be maintained as the quantity burgeons? Such questions are raised by the inconsistent, often even contradictory views on Shakespeare’s life aired by biographers. One reason for this plurality is undoubtedly gaps in the record of Shakespeare’s life. This is not to say that we know hardly anything about him, but rather that each new biographer will have a different way of joining the dots together.
A Comparison of Okvik/Old Bering Sea and Liangzhu Ritual Art
One of the central decorative features of the Okvik/Old Bering Sea (OBS) Eskimo art is a theriomorphic design with an eyelike circle-dot motif. Seventy-five years ago, Henry B. Collins proposed the resemblance between OBS animal motifs and the Taotie (or t'ao t'ieh) faces on Chinese Shang and Zhou bronze wares. However, today his conclusion is based on outdated archaeological data. New evidence in recent decades indicates that the Chinese Bronze Age Taotie originated from mask-like imagery on jade objects of the Liangzhu Neolithic culture, third millennium BC in the Lower Yangtze River region. Comparative studies suggest more similarities in artistic designs between Okvik/OBS and Liangzhu jade than between Okvik/OBS culture and the Shang/Zhou Bronze Age cultures. The prototype theriomorphic design in Okvik/OBS Eskimo art, therefore, may originate from Liangzhu rather than from Shang and Zhou.
Ian C Smith and Aysar Ghassan
teeth, sprung hairs on my chest with a ball point pen: ‘YOU DIDN’T VOTE FOR HER BECAUSE YOU DON’T LOVE ME ENOUGH!’ Spent, I curled up, became a dot, then past tense, truth, love, a chocolate saucepan, an apostrophe in the year 2034. Done with monkey see
Clare Mac Cumhaill
the circles below. Taylor supposes that just as one directly and non-inferentially perceives the presence of the dot in the left-hand circle below, one directly and non-inferentially perceives the absence of the dot in the circle on the right. 17
Radical Rewritings of Shakespeare's Tragedy in Japan
by giving Oferiya a voice and having her drop sharp sarcasms about the prince's verbal pretentiousness, and the tradition of Hamlet admiration: ……………………………………………………………Oh, dear, oh, dear. Why am I writing so many dots……. You [Hamlet] say that women
Views from Central Asia
Markus S. Schulz
Almaty to Astana was declared in 1994, the latter was not much more than a provincial town on the sparsely populated, windswept steppe. Today, Astana has morphed into a sprawling city with a futuristic skyline dotted by an array of eye-catching buildings
traversing the text include: hopping from link to link at the speed of a chase—“I hop from stone to stone and an electronic river washes out my scent in the intervals. I am a discontinuous trace, a dotted line” ( hop ); “a haphazard hopscotch” ( this writing
Jeffrey D. Hilmer and Max Halupka
project. As a result, the text fails to steer existing arguments in any new or meaningful direction relying rather on the reader to connect the dots. In saying that, all the chapters are insightful with several shedding new light on their respective fields