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Open access

“A Refugee Pastor in a Refugee Church”

Refugee-Refugee Hosting in a Faith-Based Context

Karen Lauterbach

Pastor Justin came from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to Kampala, Uganda, with his family in 2012. They traveled by bus without knowing where to go or where to stay. On the bus, they met a Ugandan man who told them about Congolese

Open access

Carceral Repair

Methane Extraction in Lake Kivu, Rwanda

Kristin Doughty

expand methane by another 125 megawatts, as well as to add 80 megawatts from peat, 30 megawatts from solar, and 30 megawatts of hydropower, and transmission lines to Uganda and DRC were completed, with a contract signed for a line to Burundi (interview

Free access

Nadine Feyder

In the Human Development Report of 2010, 135 countries representing 92% of the world population had a higher Human Development Index than in the 1970s. Three countries were an exception to the rule: Zambia, Zimbabwe, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). As it celebrates its 50th anniversary of independence, the DRC rates itself 168th out of a total of 169 countries on the Human Development Index scale.

Free access

Protection of civilians in a peacekeeping context

Challenges and dilemmas of MONUC/MONUSCO

Christian R. Manahl

“Around Kamanyola in Walungu territory, FARDC soldiers looted property and cattle and gang-raped a lady. When trying to fight off the rapists, two male members of the affected family were killed.” This is a short note from the daily situation report of MONUSCO’s South Kivu office, sent on 10 July 2010. It is one of many similar observations made by the dismayed and overwhelmed peacekeepers of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), whose first priority is the protection of civilians. On another day, or in another duty station, peacekeepers might report about a couple of children being abducted or a family burnt alive in their home by one of the militias roaming the subregion. On a few occasions – in July/August 2010 in Walikale territory in North Kivu, and in January and February 2011 in Fizi territory of South Kivu (see map 1) – the recurrent human rights violations in the DRC reached horrific proportions, with scores of people, including many children, sexually abused. In December 2008 and 2009, hundreds were massacred and several dozen abducted in Haut Uélé district (Province Orientale).

Full access

“There Was No Genocide in Rwanda”

History, Politics, and Exile Identity among Rwandan Rebels in the Eastern Congo Conflict

Anna Hedlund

This article analyzes how the 1994 genocide in Rwanda is recalled and described by members of a Hutu rebel group, the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR) whose leadership can be linked to the 1994 atrocities in Rwanda. The article explores how individuals belonging to this rebel group, currently operating in the eastern territories of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), articulate, contest, and oppose the dominant narrative of the Rwandan genocide. Based on ethnographic fieldwork with members of the FDLR in a rebel camp, this article shows how a community of exiled fighters and second-generation Hutu refugees contest the official version of genocide by constructing a counterhistory of it. Through organized practices such as political demonstrations and military performances, it further shows how political ideologies and violence are being manufactured and reproduced within a setting of military control.

Open access

Looking for the child soldier

The judicial investigation in the case of Thomas Lubanga Dyilo

Milena Jakšić

Orientale province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The region has endured an armed conflict since the late 1990s, which is part of what is known as the Second Congo War (see e.g. Prunier 2009 ; Stearns 2011 ). Rich in gold, diamonds, oil

Free access

Paolo Bocci and Katharine Dow

), the first two chapters offer an in-depth rendition of behind-the-scenes political manoeuvring among UNESCO delegates. Chapters Three to Five provide case studies in several continents (from Angkor in Cambodia, Kahuzi-Biega National Park in DRC, to the

Restricted access

Sophie Nakueira

, UNHCR facilitated the resettlement of thousands of refugees from Somalia and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), largely to the exclusion of refugees from Rwanda, Sudan, Ethiopia and other parts of Africa that comprise the settlement's inhabitants

Free access

“It’s Being, Not Doing”

Hospitality and Hostility between Local Faith Actors and International Humanitarian Organizations in Refugee Response

Olivia J. Wilkinson

. In the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), an interviewee described how movable and mutable religious communities can be, moving with refugees and hosting layers of displacement. He noted examples of small and locally run mosques in locations

Free access

Coronavirus with “Nobody in Charge”

An open reflection on leadership, solidarity, and contemporary regional integration

Harlan Koff and Carmen Maganda

, in Latin America, El Salvador officially suspended water payments and guaranteed the supply of potable water for the entire population, among other basic services, such as electricity and gas. Ghana and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) in Africa