This article starts with the observation that a sociological analysis of interactions concerning drugs cannot rely on accounts of drugs that were generated in the field because these accounts (such as the distinction between drugs and non-drugs or between intended effects and side effects) are shaped by strong interests. The article suggests two approaches to obtaining actor-independent accounts, both of which are based on comparisons. The first approach is a symmetrization of perspectives, which can be achieved by including the perspectives of as many different actors as possible as well as the abstract actors of science and law. The second approach starts from the definition of a problem that is contingent but grounded in practices of the field. In the case of drugs, this problem can be constructed as how laypersons can rate the identity and quality of specific things as unproblematic. In both cases, an ontological idea of the “drug as such” is replaced by a social-constructivist view of the drug, which at the same time takes the drug's materiality into account.
Contrasting views from Chicago and Managua
; Spergel 1995 ; Venkatesh 2000 ), one of the most important recent contributions is undoubtedly Steven Levitt and Sudhir Venkatesh’s (2000) famous analysis of the finances of a drug-dealing gang in Chicago. This study, an interdisciplinary collaboration
Cocaine and caustic circuits in Bissau
and smuggled north toward the EU. In the process, Guinea-Bissau turned into a drug hub. What started as merely a transshipment point turned into a safe haven for the trading and trafficking of the drug. As the palms of the country's military and
A Masculinities Perspective on the Enduring Warrior Ethos of Rio de Janeiro's Police
Celina Myrann Sørbøe
; Lopes et al. 2016 ; Poncioni 2005 ). Rather than the communist threat, however, the police found a new enemy in the drug trafficker. Within the “war on drugs”—an international campaign to hinder the production, distribution, and consumption of drugs by
The Mètis of Foreign Nationals Caught in the Wars on Terror, Drugs and Immigration
Carolina S. Boe
that he was back at the Stalingrad métro station, where street-level drug users then gathered around heroin and crack cocaine. His sister and I both knew that the biggest percentage of overdoses on the streets are among drug users who shoot up after a
Public security and the military in Brazil
In November 2010, a series of conspicuous public bus burnings and gunfire attacks on private vehicles appalled Rio de Janeiro residents. Officials responded by targeting the notorious drug trafficking organization Comando Vermelho (CV) in Complexo
A Global Space for expanding transnational capital
Juan Manuel Sandoval Palacios
both sides of the border, as well as direct observation by the author. In the last three decades, US immigration, drug, and anti-terror enforcement policies and practices in the US–México border has led to a militarized and securitized region almost
Toward a New Legally Oriented Environment at a Global Level
Giovanni Tartaglia Polcini
A Retrospective Overview from the Italian Experience For a long time, Italy has suffered from organized crime and terrorism. This experience has put the fight against crime, drugs, money laundering, and terrorism very much in focus of Italian
Pharmacology and Subjectivity in Buenos Aires
This essay describes the use of medication by Lacanian psychoana- lysts in an acute psychiatric ward in Buenos Aires. In this chaotic and difﬁcult setting, psychotropic drugs provided a way to sustain the object of psychoanalytic knowledge—patient subjectivity. Such drugs enabled the patient to speak—as long as such speech did not include discussions of medication. This ‘ironic’ use of medication was premised on a strict division of labor between the task of the physician and the task of the analyst—and, more fundamentally, on a distinction between the body and the subjectivity of the patient, known as ‘structuralist dualism’. In effect, physician-analysts in the ward gave medication not to treat the illness directly, but in order to remain Lacanian.
Directly Observed Treatment – Short-course (DOTS) has been promoted by the WHO globally as the preferred standard approach to tuberculosis control and treatment since the mid 1990s. In India, DOTS has been gradually implemented as a national programme since 1997, covering the entire country by 2006. DOTS is a highly complex healthcare intervention that involves universal monitoring of all patients, access to high quality drugs and the adoption of an individually supervised drug intake by patients through a system of DOT-providers. This article discusses the gradual implementation of DOTS in India as an intervention based on politically agreed 'truths' that create 'successful treatment stories' and 'defaulters', and it explores dimensions of temporality linked to the understanding of 'event' at different ontological scales from the perspectives of 'defaulters' and the health care system respectively.