toward building a modern and inclusive society. Landscapes and Races in Early Twentieth-Century Peru Aurelio Miró Quesada Sosa presided over the Sociedad Geográfica de Lima (Geographical Society of Lima) between 1955 and 1957, a state-run institution of
The Travels of José Uriel García and Aurelio Miró Quesada Sosa
Rupert J. M. Medd
Krassimira Daskalova and Karen Offen
Sources translated and discussed: Vela Blagoeva, “Klasovo suznanie i feminism” (Class consciousness and feminism), Zhenski trud (Women’s labor) 1, no. 2 (1904–1905): 1–2; [Ana Karima], “Nie” (We), Ravnopravie (Equal rights) 1, no. 1 (November 1908): 1–2; [A. Karima], “Vnasiame li nie raztseplenie” (Do we divide the Union?) Ravnopravie 1, no. 3 (1908): 1–2.
The Making of Class- and Gender-Based Solidarities
Susan Zimmermann and Nagy Piroska
Leonid M. Goryushkin
Many earlier studies of the economic development of Siberia at the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries presented an oversimplified view of the reality, and did not take account of the multifarious types of economic relationships or modes of production. Two collective works on the history of the Siberian peasantry and working class, published in the 1980s, demonstrate the complex and highly varied nature of the Siberian economy during the period studied. This included both small- and large-scale enterprises, concentration of capital, rapid expansion of the agricultural sector, huge population growth, significant foreign investment, co-operative associations and private artisan workshops, and the construction of the Trans-Siberian railway. Economic relationships comprised not only capitalist, but also small-scale commodity and even feudal structures. These were to some extent inter-active and inter-dependent, but the basic direction of development was towards capitalism, though at a slower pace than in European Russia.
Motoring and the Semantics of Space in Early Twentieth-Century British Travel Writing
When, in the early twentieth century, British middle-class writers went on a tour in search of their country, travel writing not only saw the re-emergence of the home tour, but also the increasing appearance of the motorcar on British roads. With the travelogue playing the role of a discursive arena in which debates about automobility were visualized, the article argues that, as they went “in search of England,” writers like Henry Vollam Morton and J. B. Priestley not only took part in the ideological framing of motoring as a social practice, but also contributed to a change in the perception of accessing a seemingly remote English countryside. By looking at a number of contemporary British travelogues, the analysis traces the strategies of how the driving subjects staged their surroundings, and follows the authors' changing attitudes toward the cultural habit of traveling: instead of highlighting the seemingly static nature of the meaning of space, the travelogues render motoring a dynamic and procedural spatial practice, thus influencing notions of nature, progress, and tradition.
Slobodanka Peković, Časopisi po meri dostojanstvenog ženskinja: Ženski časopisi na početku 20. veka ( Journals suited for respectable women: Women's journals from the early twentieth century), Novi Sad-Beograd: Matica srpska, Institut za
Space, Time, and Text
Benjamin C. Fortna
desire to keep up with what was described in that ubiquitous phrase of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century as the “demands of the present.” 1 Another complicating but crucial development was the increasing role of the market in shaping a
Framing Sex Differences in Childhood Infectious Disease Mortality
Heather T. Battles
the emergence of infant and child health as a specific social and medical issue in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. However, little attention has been given to the gendered aspects of this topic in terms of the children, particularly
Same-Sex Attraction between Girls
Wendy L. Rouse
passionless and devoid of sexual desire, same-sex crushes were considered mostly harmless. By the early twentieth century, however, views of female sexuality began to change as sexologists confirmed the existence of the female sex-drive and concluded that
The Origins of Argentine Comics between the United States and Europe (1907–1945)
Amadeo Gandolfo and Pablo Turnes
the importance of European mediators and styles. We zoom in on three different historical moments. The first is the somewhat chaotic beginning of the early twentieth century, in which comics emerged and underwent important developments in the United