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Djénéba Traoré

*Full article is in French

English abstract: This article gives an overview of the organization and execution of the 4th World Forum for Local Economic Development in Praia (Republic of Cabo Verde) from 17 to 20 October 2017. During the Forum, relevant reflections were made on themes pertaining to local economic development. The freedom of expression during the exchanges allowed participants to express ideas and beliefs without restrictions. The aim of the SDGs is to measure the importance and scope of the objectives that have been developed by a Working Group of representatives of 70 countries at the collective and individual levels. The Forum looked into the issue of sustainable development and proposed ways to operationalize these objectives. What will remain of the engagements taken in Praia? This remains to be seen.

Spanish abstract: Este artículo intenta dar una visión general de los principales momentos de la organización y el desarrollo del Cuarto Foro Mundial sobre Desarrollo Económico Local (4FMDEL) celebrado en la ciudad de Praia (República de Cabo Verde), del 17 al 20 de octubre de 2017. Durante estas reuniones memorables, el Comité Científico del Foro realizó reflexiones relevantes sobre los temas previamente identificados sobre el desarrollo económico local. Además, la libertad de expresión que prevaleció durante los intercambios permitió a todos los participantes expresar sus ideas y creencias sin ninguna restricción. 4FMDEL examinó la cuestión del desarrollo sostenible y propuso nuevas estratégias para lograr los objetivos. La autora se pregunta ¿Qué quedará de los compromisos hechos en Praia?

French abstract: Cet article tente de donner un aperçu des principaux moments de l’organisation et du déroulement du quatrième Forum mondial sur le développement économique local (4èFMDEL) qui s’est tenu dans la ville de Praia (République de Cabo Verde), du 17 au 20 octobre 2017. Durant ces mémorables assises, des réflexions extrêmement pertinentes ont été menées sur les thèmes préalablement identifiés sur le développement économique local par le Comité scientifique du Forum. En outre, la liberté d’expression qui a prévalu durant les échanges, a permis à tous les participants d’exprimer leurs idées et leurs convictions sans aucune restriction. Le 4èFMDEL s’est penché sur la problématique du développement durable et a proposé des pistes visant la concrétisation des objectifs. Que restera-t-il des engagements pris à Praia ? La question reste posée.

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5. Transit Migration in Niger

Stemming the Flows of Migrants, but at What Cost?

Sébastien Moretti

Since 2015, the European Union has stepped up its efforts to curb irregular migration from sub-Saharan Africa through increasingly restrictive measures targeting transit countries along migratory routes, including Niger. While the EU has heralded the success of its policies to limit migration through Niger, EU migration policies have disrupted the economic system in Agadez, where transit migration has been one of the main sources of income and a factor of stability since the end of the Tuareg rebellions in 2009. This article discusses the impact that EU migration policies may have at the local level in countries of transit, and highlights the potential for these policies to fuel tensions between local and national authorities. The Agadez case study illustrates the importance of a multilevel approach to migration governance that takes into full consideration the role of local authorities and local communities in countries of transit.

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Analyzing intra-regional migration in Sub-Saharan Africa

Statistical data constraints and the role for regional organizations

Stefano Degli Uberti, Philippe De Lombaerde, Sonja Nita and Elettra Legovini

Africa has long been described as an immensely mobile continent and continues to be viewed in this vein (Amin, 1995; de Bruij n et al., 2001; IOM, 2005). The 2005 World Migration Report describes Africa as “the continent with the most mobile populations in the world” (IOM, 2005, p. 33). In Western Africa, for instance, almost 4.4 million migrants moved in 2005 to another country of the Economic Community of Western African States (ECOWAS) (World Bank, 2010). Compared to the overall international migrants in Western Africa (UNDP, 2009), South-South (S-S) migration accounted for more than 50% in 2005 (ACP, 2010, p. 5; Bakewell, 2009). The volume of intra-regional migrations in Africa seems to be inversely proportional to the availability of statistical data. The shortage of both quantitative and qualitative data on migration (Gnisci & Trémolières, 2006, p. 10; OECD/SWAC, 2006, p. 18; Ratha & Shaw, 2007; Zlotnik, 2003, p. 2) and timely information on population movements, whether internal or international, is a major obstacle to the understanding of migration dynamics in Africa. Nineteen of the 56 countries on the African continent have either no data or just one census providing any information on migrant stocks from the 1950s (Zlotnik, 2003).