Although it is not much mentioned in the scholarly literature, the school shows up as an important motif in both volumes of Alexis de Tocqueville's Democracy in America. Tocqueville distinguished between civic education, which he saw as crucially important to the survival of democracy, and scholastic education, which could threaten it. There is a tension between these educations, which becomes clearer upon noticing Tocqueville's support for the political doctrine of freedom of education, which was so important in French politics during the July Monarchy (1830-1848). The source of this tension lies in Tocqueville's understanding of the American social condition and decentralized administration as being amenable to civic education, while centralized France precluded it. This tension is mediated, the article suggests, by Tocqueville's perception of the essential religiosity of French society.
Tocqueville’s Guizot Moment
From free to fee: Neoliberalising preferential policy measures for minority education in China
Naomi C.F. Yamada
In both China and in the United States, policies of 'positive discrimination' were originally intended to lessen educational and economic inequalities, and to provide equal opportunities. As with affirmative action in the American context, China's 'preferential policies' are broad-reaching, but are best known for taking ethnic background into consideration for university admissions. The rhetoric of China's preferential policy discourse has remained surprisingly constant but shifts to a market-economy and incorporation of neoliberal elements have resulted in fee-based reforms that discourage inclusion of poorer students. In addition, as ethnic minority students principally from Western China compete to enter 'self-funded' college preparatory programmes, public funding is being directed towards the achievement of 'world-class' universities overwhelmingly concentrated in Eastern China. In contrast, in the United States, the difficulty of defending affirmative action in the face of a neoliberal climate has resulted in a shift in policy. If in China the policy remains even as the 'rule' has changed (Arno 2009), in contrast, in American institutions the rhetoric has shifted away from affirmative action in favour of diversity but efforts to hold on to the rules that promote equal opportunities remain.
Caught between internationalisation and immigration: The case of Nepalese students in Denmark
An explicit marketisation and national profiling of Denmark as an attractive country for foreign students has resulted in an increasing number of students from poor countries in the global South, including Nepal, being admitted to Danish colleges and universities. The influx of students from these countries has led to several accusations against them of using enrolment in educational institutions primarily as an entrance point to the Danish labour market. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork among Nepalese students in Denmark this article addresses the intersection of internationalisation of higher education and immigration policy in a Europe with tightened immigration rules for certain nationalities.
Getting medieval on education
Integrating classical theory and medieval pedagogy in modern liberal arts classes
students experience when they attempt to interact with civil and professional society without the skills necessary to succeed. General education liberal arts courses were designed to teach students these foundational skills. However, many students who take
Humanisation of higher education
Re-imagining the university together with students
As part of a rise in neoliberal ideology and practices, education landscapes all over the world have changed in profound ways during the last few decades ( Connell 2013 ). The influence of market thinking and human capital theory has deeply
Transculturality in higher education
Supporting students’ experiences through praxis
Heidi A. Smith
In recent decades, higher education across the world has restructured itself to meet the needs of global competitiveness and embraced the knowledge economy ( Krause-Jensen and Garsten 2014 ). Through embracing ‘information technology
Leadership for education
Promoting inclusion and social innovation
Toyin Janet Aderemi, Patricia Rea Ángeles, Esther Benjamin, and Citlalli A. González H.
Leaving no one behind in education: A focus on children with disabilities Globally, an estimated 15 percent of the population lives with a disability ( WHO and World Bank, 2011 ); that is 1 in 7 persons. Among them, an estimated 93–150 million
Unequal Education in Preschool
Gender at Play
In 2001, in an effort to reform preschool and elementary education, the Québec Ministry of Education implemented the Québec Education Program (QEP), which mandates play in early learning. In 2015, I carried out a study to investigate how this
Education, Entertainment, and Indoctrination
Educational Film in Interwar China
educational film begin to be widely advocated as a new educational tool by government officials and educators. Before the outbreak of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937, educational film was one of the most popular tools for mass education and was used
Neoliberal student activism in Brazilian higher education
The case of ‘Students For Liberty Brasil’
Evandro Coggo Cristofoletti and Milena Pavan Serafim
of a free market society, such as competitiveness, entrepreneurship and individualism. This article aims to analyse how and why neoliberal think tanks, especially between 2010 to 2020, have been acting in the field of higher education in Brazil