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Efficiency and the Rebound Effect in the Hegemonic Discourse on Energy

Franco Ruzzenenti and Aleksandra Wagner

Energy efficiency, in the context of rising environmental concerns and the perennial alarm regarding energy security, is more than the merely serendipitous result of technological progress within the narrow field of energy processes. It is not

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The Spending Review: Use and Abuse of a Term

Chiara Goretti and Luca Rizzuto

The short, albeit intense, history of spending review in Italy ranks it as a primary tool of fiscal consolidation on the expenditure side. This chapter highlights the plurality of meanings given to the term “spending review” (SR), which include, on the one hand, analyses and procedures linked to the search for efficiency in the production of public services and, on the other hand, the reprioritization of public action and expenditure programs in light of the new, stricter budget constraints. In the Italian public debate, the introduction of SR procedures is closely related to the wider frame of budgetary and public management reforms that have been under way for a long time, yet are not fully implemented. The chapter analyzes the link between SR (whatever meaning it may have in Italy) and the comprehensive fiscal discipline that is required in the new European framework.

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'A place where open minds meet': The constraints of alignment and the effects of compulsory teacher training on teaching and learning in higher education

Paulina Mihailova

The article investigates how university lecturers taking part in the compulsory teacher training at Stockholm University (SU) conceive of the effects of standardised and formalised training on their teaching. The study explores the emotions and responses evoked among academics when everyone is required to embrace the same pedagogic philosophy of constructive alignment (Biggs 2003), adopt the language of learning outcomes and assign the same standards to diverse academic practices. The article attempts to shed light on different conceptions of the quality of teaching and learning in higher education and the interplay between the lecturers' values of academic freedom, collegiality and disciplinary expertise and the university leadership's values of efficiency, accountability and measurability of performance. The article considers how these conceptions coexist and are negotiated within the university as an organisation.

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Wal-Mart Goes To Germany

Culture, Institutions, and the Limits of Globalization

Matthias Kaelberer

example of creating efficiencies in the retail sector. Once Wal-Mart had reached a certain saturation point in its domestic American market, internationalization of the company’s retail business became a new area of activity during the 1990s. Given Wal

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Climate Change and Resilience Perspectives

Brazilian Museums and Their Challenges

Marcus Vinicius Rosário da Silva and Sheila Walbe Ornstein

assessment of Brazilian cases based on public data of the voluntary ongoing programs in Brazil were developed to identify museums that adopt strategies for quantification and dissemination of GHG and/or energy efficiency in buildings among other operations

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Distinguishing Injustice, Exploitation and Harm

The Impossibility Result

Elias L. Khalil

so, the reduction of exploitation would necessarily entail the increase of efficiency, that is the expected wellbeing per capita. This article arrives at a definitive answer, called here the ‘Impossibility Result’: when a group, say society X, acts

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Peaceful or Disciplined?

Perceived Efficiency and Legitimacy of Nonviolent Protest by Novices and Repeaters in South Korean Candlelight Protests

Joohyun Park

efficiency and legitimacy of violent protest. There is an active process of contestation among protesters at mass protests with respect to the efficiency and the legitimacy of such a strategy. Some may continue to choose nonviolence even in the face of

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For the Environment, Against Bureaucracy

Soft Values and the Work of Synchronization in Finnish Political Debate during the 1980s

Martin Pettersson

argue for and realize an existing economic policy of efficiency, national competitiveness, and economic growth in the new knowledge society. In the terminology of the Geschichtliche Grundbegriffe , soft values were a slogan ( Schlagwort ) that

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The work-intensive fiction of frictionless trade in the Angolan port of Lobito

Jon Schubert

declarations and speed up maritime imports and the increasingly grim realities of a blocked import economy almost at a standstill. Focusing on the way importers, customs brokers ( despachantes ), and customs agents improvise to straddle the new efficiency

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Intellectual endogamy in the university

The neoliberal regulation of academic work

Ana Luisa Muñoz-García

knowledge in academia highlight the complexity of discourses that regulate academic practice, such as efficiency, quality and accountability: values that define success within institutions of higher education and that become embedded in ‘technologies of the