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Georg Picot and Arianna Tassinari

Reform of the labor market has long been an important and controversial policy area in Italy, and it was one of Matteo Renzi's core concerns when he took up the leadership of the Democratic Party. This chapter recounts the main changes in Italian labor market policy since the 1990s before discussing the Jobs Act, which started as a highly publicized reform project concentrating on changes to public employment services and unemployment benefits, but which the left strongly challenged when dismissal protection was later weakened.

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Stefano Sacchi

This chapter deals with two momentous structural reforms introduced by the Monti government in the social policy field: the pension reform approved in late 2011 and the labor market reform passed in July 2012. Alongside discussing the content of these two reforms and their plausible policy impact, the chapter places them in the context of the Italian sovereign debt crisis and shows how they were introduced due to pressures exerted by international and supra-national actors. The analysis focuses in particular on the policy-making process of the labor market reform, reconstructing the various stages it went through. All this took place in the context of a new policy style by the Monti government, which forced decisions in the shadow of hierarchy and even took unilateral action, pursuing its policy objectives under the legitimacy provided by the international actors and the sense of urgency stemming from the sovereign debt crisis.

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Is there a link?

Japan’s internal cohesion and external conflict with neighbors

Robert W. Compton Jr.

to marry. Lack of strong social welfare and employment protections also make it unlikely that Japanese women would seek to place their careers on hold to give birth fearing permanent displacement from the workforce. Government’s approach to

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Putting-out’s return

Informalization and differential subsumption in Thailand’s garment sector

Stephen Campbell

organizations. Putting-out work in Mae Sot is thus informal in the sense that it lies de jure outside the parameters of legal employment protections, including Thailand’s national minimum wage. But so too, for the largely undocumented migrant workforce laboring

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Tobias Schulze-Cleven

“hiring and firing” under American “at-will” employment was superior to Europe’s adjustment-inhibiting employment protections. Even the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development ( oecd ) joined the chorus against employment protections

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Pınar Melis Yelsalı Parmaksız

, equal treatment for employment, protection of maternal rights for working women, preventing discrimination and sexual harassment in the workplace and equal treatment in the conditions of retirement. 93 “Türk Ceza Kanunu” (the Turkish Penal Code) was