In recent decades environmental movements in the West have been extremely effective in raising general awareness of environmental destruction and resource depletion, both locally and globally. Such concerns and changing attitudes toward the organic
Environmental movements became a major vehicle for promoting citizen participation in both East and West Germany during the 1980s. Their critiques of industrial society, however, reflected the different constellations of power in their respective countries. Movements in both East and West formed green parties, but their disparate understandings of power, expertise, and democracy complicated the parties’ efforts to coalesce during the unification process and to play a major role in German politics after unification. I propose that the persistence of this East-West divide helps explain the continuing discrepancy in the appeal of Alliance 90/The Greens in the old and new German federal states. Nevertheless, I also suggest that the Greens have accomplished their goal of opening technical issue areas—particularly energy—to political debate. This is currently working to enhance their image throughout Germany as champions of technological innovation and democratic openness in the face of climate inaction and right-wing populism.
William T. van Markham and C.S.A. (Kris) Koppen
This article investigates the messages about climate change that ten nature protection organizations in Germany, the Netherlands, and the United States communicate to their members and the public through their Internet sites, member magazines, and annual reports. Based on analysis of this content, we conclude that all the organizations address climate change, but to varying extents and in differing ways. All of the organizations note that climate change is a major problem, has a significant impact on nature, and should be addressed mainly via mitigation. With the partial exception of the Dutch groups, all also inform their members about domestic climate change politics. Other themes, including international dimensions of climate change, adaptation to climate change, consumer behavior, collaboration with and criticism of business, and efforts to pressure business or government received less emphasis overall. How much emphasis the organizations gave these themes was conditioned by their traditions, constituencies, national context, and international affiliations.
Constanza Parra and Frank Moulaert
environmental regulation was contested by a loud public voice, stronger environmental movements, and land right claims by indigenous communities. Second, the technical (and occasionally technocratic) modus operandi of the SNASPE, combined with its hardly
The struggle to save the Beeliar Wetlands, an urban remnant bushland in Perth, Western Australia, demonstrates elements of both urban social and urban environmental movements. At the end of 2016, 30 years of objection to the continuation of the Roe Highway development (Roe 8) culminated in months of intense protest leading up to a state election and a cessation of work in 2017. During the long-running campaign, protestors fought to preserve high-conservation-value bushland that was contained in the planned road reserve. At the heart of this dispute were competing spatial uses. This article will analyze four protest actions from the dispute using Henri Lefebvre’s concept of the production of space, and will demonstrate that the practices of protest gave those fighting to preserve Roe 8 the agency to reinscribe meaning to the natural uses of the Beeliar Wetlands over and against the uses privileged by the state.
Richard Widick and John Foran
the myriad converging peoples, labor, and environmental movements that descend on the talks every year, as they have done at International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization meetings since the fateful days of Seattle 1999. Finally
The Importance of Native American Philosophies of Naming for Environmental Justice
( Bang and Marin 2015 ). Furthermore, as new names and designations arise in environmental movements—names like “invasive species”—they are mostly distributed by non-Indigenous activists or scientists outside of contact with Native American peoples and
Constanza Parra and Casey Walsh
through their participatory action. Tattersall discusses various ideas about research/action that have shaped his involvement in local environmental movements in Tasmania. His article on “community auditing,” a political process that he designed and
A Social Enterprise Approach to Sustainability Education
of environmental movements, and sponsored a panel on the risks of the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade agreement – which spawned ongoing activism on that topic. Most Friday nights, participants in the week’s event gather afterwards at a nearby café for
Shubhi Sharma, Rachel Golden Kroner, Daniel Rinn, Camden Burd, Gregorio Ortiz, John Burton, Angus Lyall, Pierre du Plessis, Allison Koch, Yvan Schulz, Emily McKee, Michael Berman, and Peter C. Little
, Tammy. 2016. Ecuador’s Environmental Movements: Ecoimperialists, Ecodependents, and Ecoresisters . Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. 296 pp. ISBN: 978-0-2625-2877-1. For environmentalists in Ecuador, President Rafael Correa’s so-called Citizens’ Revolution