This article examines the unintended effects of policy on the cross-border health care experiences of persons from the new Central and Eastern European (CEE) states of the European Union (EU) during a time of major transition. While permitted to travel freely, most individuals from the new member states are not yet authorised to work in Germany. As a result, they face many everyday forms of exclusion, including lack of access to medical services. Drawing upon ethnographic fieldwork, this article examines experiences of patients from newly acceded CEE countries. Cross-border health care highlights instrumentality because implementation has consisted only of patchwork policies and is characterised by insufficient attention to marginalised populations, such as those who are driven to seek work abroad due to economic asymmetries across borders. In the current transitional period, evidence suggests a disconnect as social rights struggle to catch up to economic ones.
EU Civil Servants and the Transcendence of Distance and Difference
This Forum contribution presents fragmented accounts of historical narratives collected while conducting ethnographic fieldwork among civil servants in and around the European Commission in Brussels, Belgium. It focuses on the roles that heritage-making practices play in articulating European identity and belonging within these institutional spaces. In the ongoing debates over ‘bridges’ and ‘walls’, Commission officials advocate building the former and tearing down the latter. The European heritage narratives they enact tell the story of a supranational community formed from the expansion of external borders and the elimination of internal ones. Through the transcendence of borders, both physical and cognitive, geographic distances and social differences are made increasingly irrelevant. Their efforts in this regard are nonetheless hindered by futurist temporalities that orient Europeanness in opposition to the past.
Tuuli Lähdesmäki, Sigrid Kaasik-Krogerus, and Katja Mäkinen
explicit focus on heritage. The EU cultural policy exemplifies the expansion of EU governance into diverse policy sectors, but long before its explicit cultural policy, the EC had promoted EU integration by using culture and heritage for identity and
Bob Deacon, Lorenzo Fioramonti, and Sonja Nita
In many respects, Europe and Africa (particularly Southern Africa) represent two opposing examples in the study of intra-regional migration and social cohesion. The European Union (EU) has been a global pioneer in allowing freedom of movement and portability of social rights across member states. A centerpiece of the EU integration process has been the progressive establishment of a common market, in which goods, services, capital, and people can move freely. With regard to the latter, the concept of free movement originally only targeted the economically active population (in other words, the free movement of workers) but was gradually extended by Treaty amendments to all citizens of the EU. This extension was further strengthened by the Treaty of Maastricht in 1992, which introduced the concept of citizenship in the European Union thereby establishing the fundamental and personal right to move and reside freely within the EU.
A Formal Theory of Recursivity in the Field of European Security
Grégoire Mallard and Martial Foucault
This article proposes a simple formal model that can explain why and how European states engaged in the negotiation of federalist treaties in the fields of European defense and security. Using the non-cooperative model of multilateral bargaining derived from the Stahl-Rubinstein game, we show that the specific sequencing of treaty negotiations adopted by federalists explains why, against all odds, states preferred federalist-inspired treaties to intergovernmental treaties. We argue that federalists succeeded in convincing states to sign their treaties, rather than alternative treaties, by spreading the risk of rejection attached to various components of European security treaties into successive periods of negotiations, a process that they repeated in each new round of negotiation. In doing so, we show that Jean Monnet and his transnational network of European federalists had an influence on the process of EU integration because they segmented treaties into components with different probabilities of acceptance, and structured the different rounds of negotiations of these components by starting with the less risky ones, rather than because they convinced states to change their preferences and adopt federalist treaties instead of intergovernmental treaties.
Coverage of the 2017 Bundestag Election
Alexander Beyer and Steven Weldon
eu -Parliament, European, and eu integration). As such, the late “eternal chancellor” Kohl contributed to both the strong initial standing of the cdu / csu , as well as the early dominance of the eu topic area. Figure 3 Daily Shares of
Foreign Policy Beliefs and German Parliamentarians’ Support for European Integration
A. Burcu Bayram
endorsement of these principles in international affairs, namely multilateralism, should lead to more favorable attitudes toward eu integration. In contrast, isolationism should negatively affect support for integration. Since isolationism means focusing
A Few Notes about Its Economic and Cultural Divides
radical right (Confederation). Well-educated women are also more likely to support EU integration than men ( Favero 2020 ). While young women might fear more restrictive abortion laws and expect more access to top positions and desire a more equal
Kaloyan Haralampiev and Georgi Dimitrov
difference between the approaches implies a difference in the EU’s commitment to carrying them out. NOTES 1 The European Commission is proverbial for its tradition of launching EU integration and enlargement policies based on fundamental but
The Front National and the 2014 Municipal Elections in France
control over the ECB, to abandon the “productivist logic” of European agriculture such that small farmers would receive higher prices for their crops, and to make all future steps toward greater EU integration contingent upon the democratic choice of the