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Twilight of the Enlightenment

The Art Fair, the Culture Industry, and the ‘Creative Class’

Judith Kapferer

The complicity of the arts and the state in the mutual legitimation of corporate market practice is addressed in this critique of the so-called culture industries and 'Creative Class' of late capitalist imagination. The certification of the state-market couple as the dominant ideology of national, transnational, and post-national politics and economics is examined through an analysis of the Frieze Art Fair between 2006 and 2009. I contend that the decline of a culture-debating society and the rise of a culture-consuming society herald the waning of a habit of independent rationality and informed argument that characterized Horkheimer and Adorno's 'Enlightenment project'. The managerialist moment in the arts (as in education) signifies the diminishing status of culture as the cornerstone of an enlightened social formation.

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Entangled History and the Scholarly Concept of Enlightenment

Jeffrey D. Burson

This article considers the methodology of entangled history and its potential for nuancing or circumventing scholarly controversies over the nature and extent of the Enlightenment in eighteenth-century religious thought. After sketching the development of entangled history theory and its potential applicability to studying the Enlightenment, the rest of the article provides a case study of one way in which the insights discussed in the first parts of the article can be applied to current controversies about how historians construct the concept of Enlightenment. As will be shown, the transdiscursive entanglement of Jesuit missionary output with the debates between Voltaire and Bergier illustrates the mutability and rhetorical malleability of historical paradigms concerning the Enlightenment and religion.

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Whitewashing History

Pinker’s (Mis)Representation of the Enlightenment and Violence

Philip Dwyer

advent of what Pinker calls the age of reason, a dated term for the Enlightenment, a movement that placed “life and happiness at the center of values,” and that had “a sudden impact on Western life” in the second half of the eighteenth century. Pinker

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Faith, Reason and Peace in Lessing's Late Works

Cat Moir

to theorise these global political conflicts, and in the spirit of Enlightenment optimism that still animates some of his later writings, Kant foresaw a time in which such wars may be entirely overcome. The eighteenth century was also marked by a

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Ecclesiastes and Contemporary Argument

Andrew Levy

entirely contingent on progress. In this, his argument begins to take on the familiar ring of Enlightenment thought. Progress in Enlightenment thought takes many forms. For Spinoza, it involved cultivation of the mind to attain reason and thereby human

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“God's Mighty Arm Makes the French Victorious”

The French Revolutionary Deists Who Believed in Miracles

Joseph Waligore

A commonly held idea about the Enlightenment deists is that they believed in a distant and inactive deity who never worked miracles. For instance, Darren Staloff said that because the deists were “devotees of natural religion, they rejected all

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Molyneux's Problem in the Scottish Enlightenment

Charles Bradford Bow

professor of moral philosophy at Edinburgh University Dugald Stewart (1753–1828). Although Dalgarno developed his view of natural language while living in Oxford before the ideological origin of the Scottish Enlightenment, which was rooted in the 1707 Anglo

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Introduction

A Focus on the History of Concepts

Eirini Goudarouli

of science, transnational history, the history of political economy, as well as the theory of Enlightenment studies, postcolonial studies, and transnational and transcultural studies. The three articles deal to a significant degree with the dialectic

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Itinerant Knowledge Production in European Travel Writing

Introduction

Florian Krobb and Dorit Müller

preapproved and monitored, and their movements subject to bureaucratic procedures. 5 The development of scientific travel entered a new phase of intensity in the Enlightenment period. On “enlightened” journeys, cultural practices such as collecting

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In the Eyes of Some Britons

Aleppo, an Enlightenment City

Mohammad Sakhnini

globalist, were steeped in the context of their entanglement with the world of others. 1 It was a traveling experience that shows how Enlightenment toleration, sociability, and living in peace with and among others also existed in Aleppo, a place many