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Nikolaos Mavropoulos

's auspices. 12 In November 1869, the company acquired the port city of Assab in the Southern Red Sea Region of modern day Eritrea; 13 it was to be the very first Italian colony in Africa (1882). The government had just as much to gain from this partnership

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Eliza Guyol-Meinrath Echeverry

. Hudbay , is the first lawsuit against a Canadian mining company for human rights violations committed abroad to be accepted for trial in a Canadian court ( Imai et al. 2014 ). In November 2014, three Eritrean refugees filed a lawsuit in British Columbia

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The Fines and the Spies

Fears of State Surveillance in Eritrea and in the Diaspora

David Bozzini

Since 2005, the Eritrean state has implemented measures against the increasing desertion of conscripts by retaliating against deserters' families. This article explores the fears spread by this measure in Eritrea and analyzes how people have interpreted its erratic enforcement, including in those countries to which deserters have fled in massive numbers to seek political asylum. The retaliation has served to 'export' fears about the Eritrean state's surveillance abroad and has reshaped political imagination concerning the power of the Eritrean authoritarian state in the diaspora. I argue that imaginings about the state play a crucial role by curbing the political dissidence of new exiles and by giving rise to new fault lines in the diaspora communities in ways that are beneficial to the current Eritrean leadership.

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Luigi Cajani

This article reconstructs the evolution of the representation of Italian colonialism in history textbooks for upper secondary schools from the Fascist era to the present day. Textbook analysis is conducted here in parallel with the development of Italian historiography, with special attention being paid to the myth of the "good Italian", incapable of war crimes and violence against civilians, that has been cherished by Italian public opinion for a long time. Italian historians have thoroughly reconstructed the crimes perpetrated by the Italian army both in the colonies and in Yugoslavia and Greece during the Second World War, and this issue has slowly entered history textbooks.

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Ethnographic Engagement with Bureaucratic Violence

Erin R. Eldridge and Amanda J. Reinke

historical context of settler colonial violence, Guyol-Meinrath Echeverry contextualizes development-induced abuses in Guatemala and Eritrea into complex, historically based systems of violence. These two cases, which relate to sexual violence in Guatemala

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Moving on

Italy as a stepping stone in migrants’ imaginaries

Anna Tuckett

would also face such discrimination. Biniam, a colleague at the advice center who is originally from Eritrea, described living in Italy as akin to being in a “big prison,” where he could not imagine his life improving despite his hard work and sacrifice

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Experiencing In-betweenness

Literary Spatialities

Tahmineh Hooshyar Emami

small door. The houses are just a bit taller than their inhabitants, and their inhabitants just a bit shorter, with the only large structure being the slightly skewed top of the Eritrean church rising above the Jungle to peep over to the other side

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Ghassan Hage

phenotypical types, and that I rendered as ‘Third-World-looking people’. The object of this racism is imagined to involve a combination of what the racists consider as non-White, ‘ugly’ and ‘not-modern’. Here, a beautiful, tall and trendy Eritrean model is not

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Freedom, Salvation, Redemption

Theologies of Political Asylum

Elizabeth Shakman Hurd

rationale: “It matters little why an Eritrean person went to church, whether for belief, for curiosity, for business connections, or to find a spouse. What matters is the impact of Pentecostal church attendance on the actions of the Eritrean government. The

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Estella Carpi, Sandy F. Chang, Kristy A. Belton, Katja Swider, Naluwembe Binaisa, Magdalena Kubal-Czerwińska, and Jessie Blackbourn

a nationality status of an applicant in a statelessness determination procedure. This is done through the example of individuals with unclear nationality who come from the Ethiopia/Eritrea region. One of the aspects of the book that I experienced