This article illustrates the interconnectedness of science and politics through a case study of old-growth forest conflict in Finnish Upper Lapland. It demonstrates the ways in which “traditional science“ has failed to settle the decades-long conflict between state forestry and traditional Sámi reindeer herding, and discusses the potential of democratization of science through more inclusive forms of knowledge production. The analysis, which is based on qualitative interview data, shows that a traditional science focus on biological indicators and mathematical modeling has provided only a partial account of the reindeer herding-forestry interactions by ignoring the local, place-specific practices that are equally important in understanding the overall quality of pasture conditions in Upper Lapland. It concludes that an inclusive inquiry, structured according to the principles of joint fact-finding, could create a more policy-relevant, and also more scientifically robust, knowledge basis for future forest management and policy decisions.
Heli Saarikoski and Kaisa Raitio
The Role of Government Agencies, NGOs, and Local Communities in Western Australia
Leonie van der Maesen and Timothy Cadman
This article details the engagement by the Department of Physical Geography of Utrecht University in the Netherlands with rural communities and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) to assist them in gaining a better understanding of the environmental impacts of the management practices of the governmental forest authorities of the state of Western Australia in pursuit of international timber exports. The study commences with a description of the unique characteristics of WA’s forest communities. It continues with an account of governmental international forest policy norms and the discourse of sustainable forest management (SFM). This is followed by a delineation of the interactions between the academic community and civil society in their engagement with governmental departments in arguing the case for conservation. The final section makes some concluding observations on the lessons that can be learned from the failure of the state government to ensure the sustainable management of the forests of Western Australia.
A Case Study of the Bhotia of Uttarakhand (India)
The debate over the extent to which tribals and other indigenous communities have the right to use natural resources found in and around their traditional habitat is one which continues to take place even today. The present paper discusses this very issue in the context of the Bhotia, a tribal community living in the Himalayan foothill state of Uttaranchal (India); their rights to extract and use medicinal plants vis-à-vis the country's forest policy banning it; the issue of conservation of biodiversity and the place of local communities in such endeavours; the plight of the local forest dwellers in the wake of non-recognition of their rights on the forests, and their interaction with this situation. An attempt has also been made to put forward a few suggestions to solve this continuing and nearly universal problem in an amicable way not only among the Bhotia but also among other indigenous groups facing a similar situation. The paper is chiefly based on primary data collected through in-depth interviews, discussions and observations on the selected group.
Analyzing the Social-Ecological Impacts of Forest Conservation and Management over the Long Term
Daniel C. Miller, Pushpendra Rana and Catherine Benson Wahlén
-term results is typically replicated in the wider literature on the impacts of forest-related interventions. Few studies devote attention to the “afterlife” of forest policies, programs, and projects. Consequently, knowledge of whether and how intervention
Erland Mårald and Erik Westholm
University . Enander , Karl-Göran . 2011 . “ Forest Policy in the 20th Century .” In Agriculture and Forestry in Sweden since 1900: A Cartographic Description , ed. Ulf Jansson , pp. 118 – 121 . Stockholm : National Atlas of Sweden . Falkman
Peasant Agroecological Systems as New Frontiers of Exploitation?
Anne Cristina de la Vega-Leinert and Peter Clausing
Study of Mikumi National Park, Tanzania .” Forest Policy and Economics 21 : 20 – 31 , doi: 10.1016/j.forpol.2012.01.008 . Verburg , Peter H. , Karl-Heinz Erb , Ole Mertz , and Giovana Espindola . 2013 . “ Land System Science: Between
The Promise of “El uno por mil” in Ecuador’s Yasuní-ITT Oil Operations
Democracy: Political Power in the Age of Oil . London : Verso . Mohebalian , Phillip M. , and Francisco X. Aguilar . 2016 . “ Additionality and Design of Forest Conservation Programs: Insights from Ecuador’s Socio Bosque Program .” Forest Policy and