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Science and Politics in Old-Growth Forest Conflict in Upper Lapland

Heli Saarikoski and Kaisa Raitio

This article illustrates the interconnectedness of science and politics through a case study of old-growth forest conflict in Finnish Upper Lapland. It demonstrates the ways in which “traditional science“ has failed to settle the decades-long conflict between state forestry and traditional Sámi reindeer herding, and discusses the potential of democratization of science through more inclusive forms of knowledge production. The analysis, which is based on qualitative interview data, shows that a traditional science focus on biological indicators and mathematical modeling has provided only a partial account of the reindeer herding-forestry interactions by ignoring the local, place-specific practices that are equally important in understanding the overall quality of pasture conditions in Upper Lapland. It concludes that an inclusive inquiry, structured according to the principles of joint fact-finding, could create a more policy-relevant, and also more scientifically robust, knowledge basis for future forest management and policy decisions.

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Sustainable Forest Management

The Role of Government Agencies, NGOs, and Local Communities in Western Australia

Leonie van der Maesen and Timothy Cadman

This article details the engagement by the Department of Physical Geography of Utrecht University in the Netherlands with rural communities and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) to assist them in gaining a better understanding of the environmental impacts of the management practices of the governmental forest authorities of the state of Western Australia in pursuit of international timber exports. The study commences with a description of the unique characteristics of WA’s forest communities. It continues with an account of governmental international forest policy norms and the discourse of sustainable forest management (SFM). This is followed by a delineation of the interactions between the academic community and civil society in their engagement with governmental departments in arguing the case for conservation. The final section makes some concluding observations on the lessons that can be learned from the failure of the state government to ensure the sustainable management of the forests of Western Australia.

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Question of Rights

A Case Study of the Bhotia of Uttarakhand (India)

Sameera Maiti

The debate over the extent to which tribals and other indigenous communities have the right to use natural resources found in and around their traditional habitat is one which continues to take place even today. The present paper discusses this very issue in the context of the Bhotia, a tribal community living in the Himalayan foothill state of Uttaranchal (India); their rights to extract and use medicinal plants vis-à-vis the country's forest policy banning it; the issue of conservation of biodiversity and the place of local communities in such endeavours; the plight of the local forest dwellers in the wake of non-recognition of their rights on the forests, and their interaction with this situation. An attempt has also been made to put forward a few suggestions to solve this continuing and nearly universal problem in an amicable way not only among the Bhotia but also among other indigenous groups facing a similar situation. The paper is chiefly based on primary data collected through in-depth interviews, discussions and observations on the selected group.

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The Discursive Context of Forest in Land Use Documents

An Irish Case Study

Jodie Asselin, Gabriel Asselin, and Flavia Egli

definitions within policy ( Chazdon et al. 2016 ; Hecht et al. 2014 ; Neumann 2014 , Winkel et al. 2013 ). Indeed, in their review on EU forest policy, Robin Chazdon and colleagues write that “Purpose-built and contextualized definitions are needed to

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Scratches on our sovereignty?

Analyzing conservation politics in the Sundarbans

Jayashree Vivekanandan

placing the forests under its purview soon followed. Through the Forest Act of 1878 and the National Forest Policy of 1894, the Sundarbans was designated as a Protected Forest. Its reserved status meant that the mangrove forests became the property of the

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A Crystal Ball for Forests?

Analyzing the Social-Ecological Impacts of Forest Conservation and Management over the Long Term

Daniel C. Miller, Pushpendra Rana, and Catherine Benson Wahlén

-term results is typically replicated in the wider literature on the impacts of forest-related interventions. Few studies devote attention to the “afterlife” of forest policies, programs, and projects. Consequently, knowledge of whether and how intervention

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Property and Pa-Tree-Archy

A Cross-National Analysis of Gendered Rights and Forest Loss in Low- and Middle-Income Nations

Jamie M. Sommer, Rebekah Burroway, and John M. Shandra

action could be similar to the Greenbelt Initiative in Kenya, which organizes seminars to teach women how forest policies that promote industrialization via logging and other extractive commercial activities contribute to their marginalization and poverty

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Pyropolitics and the Production of Territory

Michael M. Cary

centralized and performed; unevenly radiating out over Indonesia's national territory where it breaks down in peripheral zones of accumulation. Andrew Mathews (2005) documents a comparable set of state practices in Mexico, demonstrating how forest policy is

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Koalas, Climate, Conservation, and the Community

A Case Study of the Proposed Great Koala National Park, New South Wales, Australia

Tim Cadman, Rolf Schlagloth, Flavia Santamaria, Ed Morgan, Danielle Clode, and Sean Cadman

underlying the proposed reservation is both incomplete and out of date, shortcomings that need to be taken into consideration in the context that a third of the park has been burned, including areas identified as hubs. Strong governance in the forest policy

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Fantasy constitutions

Forest land and forced dispossession

Anand Vaidya

motivated the Court's ruling in the largest PIL to date. In 1996, the Supreme Court turned a writ petition over illegal logging in a forest in South India into a writ of “continuing mandamus,” through which it claimed authority over forest policy