’s indispensable power, it has taken the lead on eurozone stabilization, Russia, eu refugee and energy policies during the previous GroKo. Its agenda will have to focus on European policy and the Franco-German relationship including the issue of populism, the
Germany’s Aussenpolik After the Election
Stephen F. Szabo
Les soubresauts du couple franco-allemand
moteur ou frein de l'intégration européenne?
Sabine von Oppeln
This article addresses the impact of the Franco-German couple on European integration since the Schuman Declaration. Based on qualitative research von Oppeln reveals that constructive influence only took place in the 80s; otherwise it was rather ambivalent or even negative. Five analytical approaches are used to define the variations in the Franco-German couple's level of influence: the different political stakeholders, the institutions involved, the main ideas and visions about European politics, the policy preferences, and the general external conditions. Ultimately, the conciliation of the German and French interests remains an indispensable condition for the success of European politics, but it has also become more and more elusive because of external factors such as EU enlargement. To overcome the recent deadlock the Franco-German couple needs to commit to the EU, foster cooperation between the main stakeholders, and conciliate different views and policies.
Sarkozy and Merkel: The Undeniable Relevance of the Franco-German Bilateral Relationship in Europe
In 2013 France and Germany will celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of the Élysée Treaty, signed by the two countries to create a close collaboration in the interest of peace and prosperity. Over the course of five decades, different couples of French Presidents and German Chancellors have dealt with the Paris-Berlin relationship in slightly different ways, some with more success than others. Despite the many changes in the European context and to the balance in the alliance between France and Germany, the initial motivation and meaning of the treaty remains astonishingly valid today, especially in light of its positive contribution to European integration. Even with many possible factors weakening the two countries' core relations, the Franco-German duo retains its historically dominant influence in successful European governance, as the recent Merkozy situation showed.
Economic and Industrial Cooperation Between France and Germany: Assessment and Future Prospects
Economy and industry have traditionally been major stakes within the Franco-German relationship. This article examines French and German economic and industrial relations, and their importance for these countries' joint leadership in Europe. It investigates the level of economic interdependence and of macroeconomic convergence between the two largest Eurozone economies, industrial cooperation between French and German companies, discrepancies in their trade relations and investment flows, divergences in their respective economic and industrial policies, and the dichotomy between partnership and rivalry in their long-standing relationship. Finally, this article assesses the risk of increasing fiscal and industrial imbalance between the two economies and draws conclusions on its implications for the Franco-German entente in Europe.
Perceptions of German Leadership
Irish National Identity and Germany as a “Significant Other” during the Euro Crisis
, Germany has been committed to “reflexive multilateralism” in its European and foreign policy, 11 but has placed a particular importance on the Franco-German relationship. This relationship has often been considered the “motor” of European integration as
Allan Mitchell, 1933—2016
. While there were many studies that briefly mentioned German influences on France, none had “drawn the subject together,” as Allan now proposed to do. Popular images of the Franco-German relationship after 1870 still tend to stress the bitter enmity
German Hegemony? The Federal Republic of Germany in Post Cold War European Affairs
Luke B. Wood
” (2013-present). For much of the postwar period, the project of European regional integration and economic development was led by the joint initiatives of France and Germany. 40 The Franco-German relationship was premised on a division of labor between