difficulties following the father's death. Finally, because the letters came from the work of transatlantic aid organizations, the letters provide information on World War I humanitarian efforts and on contemporary Franco-American relations. 10 Carefully
“Before the War, Life Was Much Brighter and Happier than Today”
Letters from French War Orphans, 1915–1922
Bethany S. Keenan
What Do the French Think of Us?
The Deteriorating Image of the United States, 2000-2004
What do the French think of Americans and the United States? This is a grand question whose answer reveals a crucial dimension of the current tension in Franco-American relations. It is also a question that can be answered reasonably well. Transatlantic troubles have stirred interest in ascertaining the state of public opinion. The result is an extraordinary number of comprehensive surveys conducted over the last five years. The US Department of State, for example, has systematically monitored French attitudes. So have many French and American polling agencies like SOFRES, CSA, and the Pew Center. Foundations like the French-American Foundation and the German Marshall Fund of the US have also sponsored research. Between fifteen and twenty thousand Frenchmen and women have recorded their opinion in such surveys. This evidence provides a unique opportunity for research into how the man- or woman-in-the-street views the United States.