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“Flattering the Little Sleeping Rooster”

The French Left, de Gaulle, and the Vietnam War in 1965

Bethany S. Keenan

This article examines conflicts concerning French policy on the American phase of the Vietnam War between the French Left and Charles de Gaulle during the 1965 elections. The Left faced a dilemma on a matter of central foreign policy as it found it difficult to differentiate its position on the war from de Gaulle's public statements on it. Through an evaluation of press commentary, I demonstrate that in its attempt to set itself apart from de Gaulle, the French Left challenged not only his interpretation of the war in Vietnam but also his understanding of France and its role in the world, proffering a softer, cooperative conception in opposition to de Gaulle's push for a militant leadership status for France in the international community. The study shows the limits political parties face as part of protest movements, while also situating French debate over the Vietnam War squarely within the ongoing dialogue over French national identity.

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Parallel Lives

Remembering the PCF and CGT

George Ross

Philippe Herzog and Jean-Louis Moynot were members of the top leaderships of the Parti Communiste Français (PCF) and the Confédération Générale du Travail (CGT), respectively. Each participated in and lived through the dramatic years from the 1960s through the 1980s when both organizations first supported Union de la Gauche and then turned away from it, eventually precipitating both into decline in ways that would transform eventually the French political and trade union left. The strategic shifts underlying these deep and significant changes were traumatic for those who lived through them. Herzog and Moynot have recently published memoirs detailing their experiences of this period and their political lives thereafter. Both books, in different ways, give us new and important understandings of what happened during a critical moment of change in French politics.

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Tim Huntley, Ian Birchall, Manuel Braganca, Nik Farrell-Fox, and Willie Thompson

Michael Lewis and Tanja Staehler, Phenomenology: An Introduction Review by Tim Huntley

Gérard Wormser (ed.), Jean-Paul Sartre, violence et éthique Review by Ian Birchall

Sam Coombes, The Early Sartre and Marxism Review by Manuel Braganca

Joseph S. Catalano, Reading Sartre Review by Nik Farrell-Fox

Jean-Pierre Boulé and Benedict O’Donohoe, Jean-Paul Sartre: Mind and Body, Word and Deed

Tony Judt, Marxism and the French Left: Studies on Labour and Politics in France, 1830–1981 and Past Imperfect: French Intellectuals 1944–1956 Reviews by Willie Thompson

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Aaron Freundschuh, Jonah D. Levy, Patricia Lorcin, Alexis Spire, Steven Zdatny, Caroline Ford, Minayo Nasiali, George Ross, William Poulin-Deltour, and Kathryn Kleppinger

other large developed countries (17, translation by the author). Why is France so out of step with the rest of Europe? Spector argues that the answer lies in the nature of the French Left, specifically in the Left's penchant for privileging ideology over

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Michael B. Loughlin

the audience often confused revolutionary art with political reality. Among Hervé’s rivals on the French Left, such theatrics often generated resentment. By 1911—after many in his prospective coalition had labeled his movement demagogic, revolutionary

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The Origins of the Anti-Liberal Left

The 1979 Vincennes Conference on Neoliberalism

Michael C. Behrent

French Left’s evolution over the course of the seventies. After a fever pitch of gauchiste activism in the years immediately following May ’68, a number of former student radicals dramatically foreswore the Marxism they once embraced. Seizing on the

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Patricia Mainardi

Working Life 2, 223. 10 On the relation of Saint-Simonianism to high art, see Neil McWilliam, Dreams of Happiness: Social Art and the French Left 1830–1850 (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1993). 11 The principal accounts of the founding of

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Matthew Eshleman

that already revealed some of the traditions of the French left, of a current that could be classified as anarcho-syndicalism.” 18 My point here is not to state baldly that Sartre’s ideas during the composition of Being and Nothingness grew out of

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Helga Druxes, Christopher Thomas Goodwin, Catriona Corke, Carol Hager, Sabine von Mering, Randall Newnham, and Jeff Luppes

(whereas the Germans were expelled at least in part as a result of decisions made by the Allies, the French left as a result of decolonization) the differing historical contexts surrounding the population transfers; i.e., the scenarios on the ground in

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L’heure du laitier ou la contestation

Résistance, anticolonialisme et nouvelle gauche sur une « petite théorie » de Claude Bourdet

Fabrice Usman

-février 2010): 177–196, ici 177–178. 96 Hall, « The ‘First’ New Left », 15. 97 Claude Bourdet, « The French Left – Long-Run Trends », Universities & Left Review 1, no. 1 (Spring 1957): 13–16. 98 Voir Stuart Jeffries, Grand Hotel Abyss: The Lives of the