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Photography, Identity, and Migration

Controlling Colonial Migrants in Interwar France and Senegal

Johann Le Guelte

administratively immobilized. And as this study will show, authorities knew well how challenging obtaining photographs could be for colonial subjects in French West Africa (AOF) and thus imposed them as a deterrent to (im)migration. As a result, colonial subjects

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Book Reviews

Laura Levine Frader, Ian Merkel, Jessica Lynne Pearson, and Caroline Séquin

welcoming host. Kathleen Keller, Colonial Suspects: Suspicion, Imperial Rule, and Colonial Society in Interwar French West Africa (Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 2018). Review by Jessica Lynne Pearson, Macalester College. A

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Navigating the Fourth Republic

West African University Students between Metropolitan France and Dakar

Harry Gamble

For the political and administrative elite of the Third Republic it remained virtually axiomatic that higher education was not meant for Black Africans. According to one official tabulation, nineteen students from French West Africa (AOF) were

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Investigating the Investigators

French Colonial Attempts to Supervise Its Policing System during the 1930s*

Ruth Ginio

examining the criticism that the higher ranks of the colonial administration in French West Africa (FWA) expressed during the 1930s with regard to three murder investigations conducted by district commanders. My aim is twofold. First, through this criticism

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Hierarchies of Race and Gender in the French Colonial Empire, 1914-1946

Jennifer Anne Boittin, Christina Firpo, and Emily Musil Church

This article looks at French Indochina, metropolitan France, and French West Africa from 1914 through 1946 to illustrate specific ways in which French colonial authority operated across the French empire. We look at how colonized people challenged the complex formal and informal hierarchies of race, class, and gender that French administrators and colonizers sought to impose upon them. We argue that both the French imperial prerogatives and colonized peoples' responses to them are revealed through directly comparing and contrasting various locales across the empire. Our case studies explore interracial families and single white women seeking compensation from the French in Indochina, black men de ning their masculinity, and Africans debating women's suffrage rights.

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Book Reviews

Rosalind Williams Apartment Stories: City and Home in Nineteenth-Century Paris and London by Sharon Marcus

Robert Aldrich Monsters and Revolutionaries: Colonial Family Romance and Métissage by Françoise Vergès

Children of the French Empire: Miscegenation and Colonial Society in French West Africa 1895-1960 by Owen White

Michael Miller The Construction of Memory in Interwar France by Daniel J. Sherman

Christian Delacampagne Émigré New York: French Intellectuals in Wartime Manhattan, 1940-1944 by Jeffrey Mehlman

Robert L. Frost Retour sur la condition ouvrière: enquête aux usines Peugeot de Sochaux-Montbéliard by Stéphane Beaud and Michel Pialoux

Christopher K. Ansell Comprendre les évolutions électorales: la théorie des réalignements revisitée by Pierre Martin

Michel Devigne and David Mulhmann Paris, ville invisible by Bruno Latour and Émilie Hermant

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Adventurers and Agents Provocateurs

A German Woman Traveling through French West Africa in the Shadow of War

Jennifer Anne Boittin

When Dr. Rosie Gräfenberg traveled to French West Africa in 1929, she set the French security and intelligence service on high alert. Rumors preceding her arrival suggested she might be a Russian agent, a communist agitator, and a German spy, among other things. She, however, presented herself as a German journalist. This article contrasts Gräfenberg's autobiography and newspaper articles with French police archives to consider why the stories surrounding her life diverged so greatly and what variations in detail, fact, and tone reveal about how Franco-German relations influenced considerations of race, nation, gender, and sexuality in the French Empire. In part because her trajectory was so outlandish, Gräfenberg's writings help us to consider the influence of World War I upon interwar colonial politics, procedures, and presumptions.

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Sartre, Camus and the Algerian War

David Drake

When considering Sartre’s and Camus’ positions on the Algerian War of Independence, it is useful to begin by briefly locating both men in relation to colonialism in general and Algeria in particular. The first point, an obvious one, but one which needs to be made, is that while Camus, the child of Belcourt, had first-hand knowledge of life in working-class Algiers, and as a journalist of the misery of Kabylia in the late 1930s, Sartre, the Parisian intellectual par excellence, had almost no direct knowledge of the country. I say almost no direct knowledge because he and de Beauvoir did pass through southern Algeria en route to French West Africa in 1950 but apparently paid scant attention to the political situation in that country.

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Book Reviews

Aro Velmet and Rachel Kantrowitz

French West Africa: Battles over Schools and the Colonial Order, 1900–1950 (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press: 2017). Review by Rachel Kantrowitz, Brown University In Contesting French West Africa , Harry Gamble traces a tug of war between French

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African Dawn

Keïta Fodéba and the Imagining of National Culture in Guinea

Andrew W. M. Smith

from the École William Ponty in 1943 with a teaching degree, placing him firmly among French West Africa’s qualified elite. Fifty percent of the school’s graduates, or Pontins , worked as teachers, 13 and Fodéba spent two years teaching in Tambacounda