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Revisiting French Foundational Republicanism from a Non-teleological Approach

Pablo Facundo Escalante

ABSTRACT

French republicanism is traditionally considered not only the logical outcome of the principles of 1789 but also their main political goal in the long term. Since the revolutionary outbreak, France would have been destined to become a republic, and the consecutive republican regimes that shaped its history seem to support that interpretation. However, considering the formidable weight of the centuries-old French royalist tradition, it is difficult to believe that the French gave up kingship once and for all in the span of the first three revolutionary years and that the First Empire, the Bourbon Restoration, the July Monarchy, and the Second Empire were political regimes imposed only by force, against the will of the French, who only wanted a republican form of government. Driven by these reflections, this article attempts to propose a different interpretation of French republicanism.

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The Gallic Singularity and the Royal Mistress

Christine Adams

, Madame de Maintenon (morganatic wife of Louis XIV), argued that “in France, the king's mistress is almost unavoidably a minister of state.” 7 The French royal mistress was far more than a sexual partner to the king. 8 No one would have reduced such a

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Beyond Metaphor

Corporeal Sociability and the Language of Commerce in Eighteenth-Century Britain and France

Joseph D. Bryan

, 2010). 7 Jacob Soll, “Healing the Body Politic: French Royal Doctors, History, and the Birth of a Nation, 1560–1634,” Renaissance Quarterly 55, no. 4 (Winter 2002): 1259–1286, https://doi.org/10.2307/1262103 ; Penny Roberts, “The Kingdom's Two

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Representations of Women in the French Imaginary

Historicizing the Gallic Singularity

Jean Elisabeth Pedersen

only for their most “feminine” characteristics, or by criticizing them for their “unfeminine” interest and influence in politics. She concludes by calling, with Tracy Adams, for a new approach to the study of French royal mistresses that will do better

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Competing Selves in Madame de Lafayette's La Princesse de Montpensier and the Nouvelle Historique

Nupur Patel

them knowing.” 18 La Rochefoucauld, much like Lafayette, was heavily influenced by his experience with the French royal court. The verb “to deceive” suggests an element of ruse that is prominent in court life. This concept of tromperie unearths a

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A “Whirlpool of Gain”

French Aristocrats and Atlantic Merchants in Northern European Port Cities after 1789

Janet Polasky

to the French royal family housed at the Palais-Royale and Belle-Chasse had traveled through the Swiss cantons and several German states. With her were Adélaide, the Duke d'Orléans's daughter, and her adopted children, Hermine and Pamela, both rumored

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British Government Aid to French Émigrés and Early Humanitarian Relief during the French Revolution

Kirsty Carpenter

about French royal absolutism. Anthropological studies have suggested that French behavior in economic life is more hierarchical, cautious, and “feminine” and British behavior more egalitarian, risk-taking, and “masculine.” 19 But the British were