Council Countries (GCC) ( UNESCO 2015c ). In the GCC in particular, gender parity has been unevenly achieved in primary and secondary education in the GCC as indicated in gross primary and secondary enrollment ratios for males and females. In particular
A Case in Education for the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries
Faryal Khan and Maricel Fernandez-Carag
Expatriates, Stateless Peoples and the Politics of Citizenship
In this article I examine why Kuwait and other migrant-receiving countries in the Persian Gulf have failed to enfranchise migrant workers and their descendants through citizenship. I contend that the increasing exclusion of expatriate workers from these societies can be understood in comparison with the disenfranchisement of the stateless populations to which these governments are host. I argue that nationalist narratives that portray these groups as threatening to the host societies have been extremely significant in creating an atmosphere of increasing isolation and exclusion for both expatriates and stateless peoples. I conclude by examining what the Kuwaiti case tells us about how notions of membership and belonging develop and the significant role of historic and political circumstances in shaping these notions.
Demography, Identity and the Road to Equitable Policies
In 2005, the nations of the Gulf Cooperative Council (GCC), which consist of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, housed over 12 million international migrants. Employed mainly within the service and construction industries, these foreign workers have become a demographic majority in some GCC countries, creating an urgent need for more progressive immigration and equitable integration policies. This article provides an overview of migration to the region, situating it within the larger global emigration/immigration context. By focusing on the various stages of migration and the economic role played by migrants, the article argues for policies that protect the economic, social and political rights of labour migrants. It concludes with recommendations that consider conditions in both the GCC and migrants' countries of origin.
Why Pro-democracy Activity Was Avoided in Gulf Nations during the Arab Spring
Charles Mitchell, Juliet Dinkha and Aya Abdulhamid
policies and actions allowed most Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) nations to circumvent large-scale civil unrest and pro-democracy activity during the Arab Spring movement while leaving the door open for expansive research on this topic to be undertaken
Aḥmad al-Izkī’s Fusion of Shakespeare and Classical Arab Epic
production deviates from the script, however, suggesting a darker warning against the continuing threat of political, ethnic and sectarian divisions across the Gulf – a warning that subsequent events have borne out. Context: Oman, GCC Theatre and Aḥmad al
Resistance to Transitional Justice in Bahrain
the indigenous Bahraini population ( Zunes 2013: 155 ). In response to the sustained protests, on 14 March the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) sent 1,500 military and police personnel from Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to quash the