Arab Spring movements in many Arab countries revealed a gap at the heart of Arab society and politics: the large-scale subalternity of Arab women in such movements. In this essay, I hypothesize that, with few exceptions, Arab women have always avoided participation in social and political activism because of their fear of political rape – raping women as punishment during political turmoil. The essay traces the history of political rape through different stages of Arab history. The examples are taken from history, literature and international reports and they mainly cover three countries: Syria, Egypt, and Libya. These examples prove that vulnerable women’s horror at any possibility of their being sexually abused and then rejected by their families and society has always haunted them, preventing them from struggling or protesting. The essay concludes that subalternity is the only stance from which Arab women can encounter political rape. Then, the essay discusses the subalternity of Arab women in the light of the thought of the postcolonial critic Gayatri Spivak. This argument leads to the contention that the silence of Arab women vulnerable to political rape should not be considered passive and that feminist theories and actions cannot be successful in supporting subaltern Arab women without the ethical responsibility theorized by Spivak as the most appropriate approach to the subaltern female. This approach entails respecting subaltern Arab women’s culture and fears and avoiding any attempt to make them copies of the European feminist self. Subaltern Arab women who are afraid of being sexually abused have the right to protect their bodies and stick to their culture while still participating in public life.
Arab Women's Subalterniy During Political Struggles
Asian Stars in Atlanticland
‘Hybridity’ and ‘globalization.’ Magic words. They can generate academic conferences. Salman Rushdie, Homi Bhabha, Gayatri Spivak, Arjun Appadurai, Gyan Prakash, Lata Mani, Gouri Vishwanathan, Akhil Gupta, Dipesh Chakrabarty, Amitav Ghosh, Talal Asad, Pal Ahluwahlia. Magic names for the most part. Draw cards for conferences.
Archetypal Images of Malaya in European Travel Writing
Siti Nuraishah Ahmad, Shanthini Pillai and Noraini Md. Yusof
This article links Jungian literary criticism on archetypes with contemporary postcolonial theories on colonial discourse in travel writing (David Spurr) and the worlding of a colonized land (Gayatri Spivak) in order to understand the pattern of images in European travel writing that created the fiction of Malaya. This fiction is created through a process of worlding by European travelers from the sixteenth century to the early twentieth century. The practice of Islam and magic among the Malays was represented as contributing to the degeneration of Malaya. The resulting image is that of an Eden that has fallen into ruin and that needs to be transformed back into paradise by the white man.
Écrire une histoire sociale des Algériens au vingtième siècle
Muriel Cohen and Annick Lacroix
Gender in Algeria, 1954–2012 (Manchester : Manchester University Press, 2015). 22 Gayatri Spivak, « Can the Subaltern Speak? », in Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture , ed. Cary Nelson and Lawrence Grossberg (Urbana : University of Illinois, 1988
Rejecting the Colonial Politics of Recognition
Gayatri Spivak, Coulthard comes very close to her mobilisation of the concept of ‘strategic essentialism’ ( Spivak 1987 ). 8 If ‘Indigenous’ peoples do not exist, except as a colonial construction in the Indigenous–coloniser binary, nonetheless, this may
Female Adolescence in the Novels of Carson McCullers
apart of community” (159), or what Gayatri Spivak described in 1979 as the difficulties that arise when “people cannot discover a common bond” (cited in Gleeson-White 2005: 129 ). In her 1990 book, Understanding Carson McCullers , definitive McCullers
Ajume H. Wingo
://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berlin_Conference (accessed 6 June 2016). 3 Prominent authors on colonial and postcolonial African studies include the following: Bill Ashcroft, Ngugi Wa Thiong’o, Frantz Fanon, Chinua Achebe, Leela Gandhi, Abiola Irere, John McLeod, Gayatri Spivak, Hamid Dabashi, Helen
Calls for Local Agency and Good Fieldwork in Development Encounters
‘purely’ academic anthropology, the relative inability to reasonably do this is the subject of much attention. Postcolonial discourse has spent decades criticising Western 3 attempts at interacting with disparate cultures and raising local voices. Gayatri
The search for an autonomous political initiative among a subaltern group in the Beninese savanna
awakening. This cultural and social exceptionality is exactly what grants them the legitimacy needed for representing their communities of origin. As several critical theorists have argued, from Pierre Bourdieu (1981) to Gayatri Spivak (2010) , political