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Beverly Crawford Ames and Armon Rezai

://–09 , accessed 13 November 2017. 30 Kathleen R. McNamara, The Currency of Ideas: Monetary Politics in the European Union (Ithaca, 1998). 31 Andrei S. Markovits, Simon Reich, and Frank Westermann, “Germany: Hegemonic Power and Economic Gain

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Luke B. Wood

Germany’s increased power capabilities in foreign affairs since reunification have prompted scholars to argue that the country should be viewed as a regional hegemonic power, exercising significant influence not only over smaller countries in Eastern and Southern Europe, but also over the institutions of the European Union. After providing a critical assessment of the literature on hegemony in Europe, this article outlines three main trends in the scholarship on German power in European affairs. First, scholars tend to exaggerate Berlin’s power capabilities relative to other major European states such as France, Italy, and the United Kingdom. Research shows that Europe is best understood as a multipolar regional order, not a hegemonic system dominated by one powerful state. Second, German leadership in Europe is contested and often delegitimized. Since 1949, German political elites have not been able to exercise influence in Europe without the support of other European states. This remains true even after the collapse of the Franco-German “tandem” in the wake of the European debt crisis. Third, scholars fail to adequately address how American power in the North Atlantic impacts regional polarity. Since reunification, the role of the United States in Europe has only increased and American influence over Eastern Europe, in particular, surpasses that of other European powers, including Germany.

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Threatening or Benevolent Hegemon?

How Polish Political Elites Frame Their Discourse on “German Hegemony”

Ireneusz Pawel Karolewski and Maciej Olejnik

German hegemony” (Is Germany an actual hegemon, and does it behave like one?) and attempts to reconstruct the images of Germany in the public space of a single country—Poland. In this way, we can better map out the variety of approaches to “German

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“The Fourth Reich Is Here”

An Exploration of Populist Depictions of the European Union as a German Plot to Take Over Europe

Julian Pänke

has been observed. 24 Various adjectives have been ascribed to specify types of German hegemony, such as “inevitable,” “unacknowledged,” and/or “reluctant.” 25 Hellmann notices that “for many non-German experts, German hegemony seems to be clearly

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Ireneusz Pawel Karolewski, Julian Pänke, and Jochen Roose

framings of German hegemony. Their findings indicate a shared understanding across all parties in Poland, viewing Germany as an ambitious power actor and putting into question perceptions of Berlin as an erratic and flip-flopping reluctant power

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Perceptions of German Leadership

Irish National Identity and Germany as a “Significant Other” during the Euro Crisis

Charlotte Galpin

challenges over the last decade, those posed by migration and, most recently, by Brexit—the uk' s decision to leave the eu. Brexit shifts the balance of power in Europe and further raises the specter of “German hegemony,” suggesting that Germany may

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Leading through a Decade of Crisis—Not Bad, After All

Germany’s Leadership Demand and Followership Inclusion, 2008-2018

Valerio Alfonso Bruno and Giacomo Finzi

,” Prospect Magazine (2014); available at , accessed 11 November 2018; Daniel Gros, “The End of German Hegemony,” Project Syndicate (October 2015); available at https

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Christian Schweiger

constellation created by the Eurozone, under which German hegemony emerged. This poses a major risk for the future of the eu , as the failure to achieve a more inclusive political agenda and a more cooperative multilateral leadership agenda presents the

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Thomas Klikauer, Norman Simms, Helge F. Jani, Bob Beatty, and Nicholas Lokker

. The German position “has great potential—perhaps the greatest potential across eu policy areas—for the emergence of German hegemony” (p. 243). In the Ukraine crisis, the Berlin government moved center stage. By advocating a regime of sanctions