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Twenty Years after German Unification: The Restructuring of the German Welfare and Employment Regime

Anke Hassel

German unification acted as a catalyst for the substantial transformation of the German welfare and employment regime which has taken place over the last two decades. The changes can be described as a process of a partial liberalization of the labor market within the boundaries of a coordinated industrial relations system and a conservative welfare state. This article depicts the transformation as a trend towards a more liberal welfare and employment regime by focusing on the shifting boundaries between status and income maintenance and poor relief systems.

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“One Would at Least Like to Be Asked”

Habermas on Popular Sovereignty, Self-Determination, and German Unification

Peter J. Verovšek

Hohendahl's claim that Habermas's “criticism does not question the legitimacy of the process” that led to unification, I argue that he does precisely that. 7 Revisiting Habermas's reflections on German unification is necessary for several reasons. For

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Postcommunist Germany

Comparing Eastern Germany and Central and Eastern Europe's Political Development

Hadas Aron

democratic, demonstrating competition between established parties and peaceful transition of power on the state and local levels. After three decades, most east Germans view German unification positively. At the same time, the past few years have revealed

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Tragedy, Surrogation and the Significance of African-American Culture in Postunification Germany: An Interpretation of 'Schultze Gets the Blues'

Robert Pirro

In the aftermath of unification, the loss of job security and other forms of social support under East Germany's comprehensive (if increasingly inefficient and corrupt) system of welfare state paternalism, coupled with a newfound dependence on West German financial largesse, not only disoriented former East Germans, but also led to pressures on them to repress their past experiences of solidarity and distinctiveness. Schultze Gets the Blues, the critically acclaimed box office hit from director Michael Schorr, relates the story of a retired mineworker and accordionist for a town band in the economic backwaters of eastern Germany who undergoes a lifechanging conversion to the Cajun folk music of Zydeco. Drawing from Joseph Roach's notion of surrogation and Cornel West's articulation of an African-American tragic sensibility, this article casts Schultze in the role of a postunification mediating figure reconciling East German solidarity and localism with West German individualism and multiculturalism.

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Honecker's Revenge: The Enduring Legacy of German Unification in the 2005 Election

Jeffrey Kopstein and Daniel Ziblatt

A core lesson of Germany's federal election of September 2005 is the enduring legacy of the communist past in East Germany, a legacy that substantially shapes politics in unified Germany. Fifteen years after unification, the crucial difference in German politics still lies in the East. The 2005 election demonstrated the enduring east-west divide in German party politics. The result is that Germany today has two coherent party systems, one in the East and one in the West. Combined, however, they produce incoherent outcomes. Any party that hopes to win at the federal level must perform well in the very different circumstances in the East.

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From the Bonn to the Berlin Republic: The Twentieth Anniversary of German Unification: Introduction

Jeffrey Anderson

‘Tis the season of anniversaries in Germany. 2009 unfolded like a hit

parade of history. March ushered in the sixtieth anniversary of the founding

of the Federal Republic and May witnessed the sixtieth anniversary of

the end of the Berlin Blockade. After a summer lull, the seventieth

anniversary of Nazi Germany’s invasion of Poland fell on 1 September

and in October, the twentieth anniversary of the first Monday demonstration

in Leipzig took place. Finally, the month of November offered up a

major date—the twentieth anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall—and a

lesser one, suited more for the political connoisseur: the fortieth anniversary

of the Social Democratic Party’s (SPD) ratification of the Godesberger

Program. 2010, of course, culminates in October with the twentieth

anniversary of unification.

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Two Paradigmatic Views on Right-Wing Populism in East Germany

Jonas Rädel

assumption of a right-wing east Germany is, in fact, located within the wider debate on German unity. In order to clarify any contradictory arguments, I suggest that the debate about the process and evolution of German unification is mainly shaped by two

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The Costs of German Division

A Research Report

Werner Pfennig, Vu Tien Dung, and Alexander Pfennig

especially in a South Korea contemplating reunification with the North at one point, where the accomplishment of German unification is lauded while the costs are presented as being prohibitive. 1 Whoever enumerates costs also has to consider savings and

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Time and the Other in Nineteenth-Century German Travel Writing on Africa

Tracey Reimann-Dawe

Afrikareisende works are actually interwoven to form a macrotext stretching across generations of travelers. The three explorers discussed here undertook their expeditions during an era of extensive political momentum that preceded German unification. Thus, we

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Beyond the Demonology of Power: The Study of German Foreign Policy after the Cold War

Thomas Berger

Jeffrey Anderson, German Unification and the Union of Europe (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999)

Thomas Banchoff, The German Problem Transformed: Institutions, Politics and Foreign Policy, 1945-1995 (Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press, 1999)