, and the findings show PEB research could be strengthened by stronger consideration of how water infrastructure connects with individuals’ social position to cultivate (what we term) a “hydrologic habitus.” The article proceeds by discussing studies of
Wells, Watering Practices, and Water Supply Infrastructure
Brock Ternes and Brian Donovan
. Throughout I will make continual reference to the concept of ecological habitus , which is a term used by a number of academics to conceptualize and describe these distinct lifeworlds. To begin I need to comment on Pierre Bourdieu’s classic understanding of
Traditional and Contemporary Uses of Gardens and Parks in Iran
For centuries, nature has played significant roles in the Persianate world. Across generations and beyond national borders, Persian gardens and parks have carried traces of narratives, beliefs and attitudes of those who designed, built and used them. This article explores Persian garden history and philosophy, and the emergence of urban parks in Iran. It examines the evolution of cultural attitudes and their reflections in contemporary meanings, layout and use of parks. Landscape narratives both influence and are shaped by shifting cultural values and needs. Urbanisation – and the necessity for urban dwellers to experience ‘nature’ in new environments, sociocultural factors and habitus transformation contribute to the diminution of the role of ‘traditional’ narratives in contemporary design. Nevertheless, the importance of spaces of stillness in landscape design, inherited from Persian garden ideology, influences recreational behaviour in Iran’s contemporary urban parks.
Boone W. Shear and Angelina I. Zontine
Ongoing transformations of the university - from changing working conditions to issues of affordability and access, increasing 'accountability' measures and commodification of academic production - are increasingly referred to as university corporatisation and are unfolding within and concomitant to neoliberal globalisation. In this paper we outline some of these processes as they are occurring at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and explore the limitations and possibilities of a critical response mounted by a number of students and faculty in the Department of Anthropology. Drawing on ethnographic data and interviews with group participants, as well as our own experiences with the group, we describe and assess this project as a means to investigate and respond to neoliberal governance. Through this analysis we problematise conventional discourses and imaginings of university corporatisation and neoliberalism and explore the sometimes contradictory subject positions that complicate our efforts to respond critically to university corporatisation.
Regina F. Bendix
, least of all to reflect on their own habitus. Yet precisely such reflection is necessary to forestall the worst clashes, and to understand that they are generally interdisciplinary and not interpersonal. Kilian Bizer, Dorothy Noyes and I built on the
Clinicians on the Frontlines of the COVID-19 Pandemic
essential to clinical encounters, and challenge health-care providers’ ability to provide compassionate care to already isolated patients. 1 Pierre Bourdieu's (1977) notion of habitus is a key to understanding the embodied experiences of clinicians and
The Microsocial Foundations of Physical Military Violence in Noncombat Situations
Nir Gazit and Eyal Ben-Ari
leaders (the “violent few”), the importance of actual and real audiences, and the development of a military habitus. While we use examples from Israel’s military occupation of the Palestinian territories, we think our assertions hold for all military
are discussed and contextualised in regard to the scene. Which anxieties, fears, irritations, conflicts, projections and defence strategies are evoked by the scene? Which sociocultural practices/habitus may play a role? Which stereotypes (e
Depicting Cajun Ethnicity in Bec Doux et ses amis
The Bec Doux et ses amis comics series, written by Cajun authors in Cajun French, is little known outside of its native French-speaking Louisiana. Although it can be inscribed within the wider Cajun ethnic revival that began in the late 1960s, it constitutes a unique example of graphic self-representation in this field of cultural productions. This article examines how the series' use of regional French, in the context of increasing acculturation by a dominant English-speaking America, is not only a statement of cultural resistance, but also a creative negotiation of communication with a dialectal readership, within the comics format. The article also focuses on the iconic effectiveness of the series, and more specifically on its nuanced and authentic depiction of the Cajun minority's ethnic habitus, in order to understand the complexities of such cultural self-caricature.
A Study from Northern Ontario, Canada
Jane H. Roberts
While Putnam's communitarian conceptualization of social capital has significantly influenced our understanding of community cohesion, the concept of social capital is highly contested. Questions have been raised about the ways in which agency and power operate in a community's sense of connectedness. Within this critique, little attention has been paid to the conceptualization of cultural identity when framed in dominant constructions of social capital. This paper contends that Bourdieu's critical perspective on social capital is better placed to examine the complex relationships between multiple, conflicting and overlapping positions of cultural identity with a sense of belonging. In addition, a Bourdieurian analysis acknowledges that the dynamic relationships of habitus, capital and field produce multiple identities associated with conflicting notions of connectedness which are contextually contingent. The paper argues that ethnography is best placed to offer a different perspective to de-contextualized data, and supports any examination of identity and belonging as best viewed within the context in which such concepts develop and are situated.