symbol of heritage, hate, or something else?’ Initial responses from a class of two hundred introductory students who attend a public university in the American South were as follows: 52 per cent ‘heritage’, 28 per cent ‘hate’ and 10 per cent ‘something
A pedagogical guide to the confederate flag in post-race America
Cameron D. Lippard
This article examines the tension between liberalism and Orthodoxy in Israel as it relates to censorship. The first section aims to explain Israel's vulnerability as a multicultural democracy in a hostile region, with significant schisms that divide the nation. The next section presents the dilemma: should Israel employ legal mechanisms to counter hate speech and racism? The third section details the legal framework, while the fourth reviews recent cases in which political radicals were prosecuted for incitement to racism. The final section discusses cases in which football supporters were charged with incitement after chanting “Death to Arabs“ during matches. I argue that the state should consider the costs and risks of allowing hate speech and balance these against the costs and risks to democracy and free speech that are associated with censorship.
Notes from Counterprotests of Antigay Pickets
“Movements are essentially rhetorical in nature.” ( Cathcart 1972: 86 ) The picketers have each selected their favorite signs for the trip: one stating “God Hates America,” with each word printed over a red, white, or blue horizontal
A Coming-of-age Graphic Narrative
Alyson E. King
This article explores the ways in which words and images work together to portray the life of a teenage girl in the Canadian graphic novel Skim (2008). The interdependent nature of the words and images calls for non-linear ways of reading. At the same time, Skim creates a rich representation of girls attending a private high school in the 1990s.
Reproducing heteronormative femininity on gURL.com
Jacqueline Ryan Vickery
This article examines the prominent romantic and sexual scripts—the most common being that of a "prince charming" waiting for a girl—found on the "being single" message board of gURL.com. A discourse and textual analysis of the message board is conducted in order to analyze how girls are performing their (hetero)sexual identities. This provides insight into current notions of contemporary girlhood and romantic/sexual expectations. Findings suggest that girls believe that being single is "caused" by something—most often that a girl is not pretty enough or not outgoing enough—so singledom is "blamed" on a lack of (appropriate) femininity. Also, if a girl fails at femininity then it is assumed that she might also be failing at heterosexuality. Girls seem to believe that by becoming more conventionally feminine (outgoing and attractive), singledom can be "fixed" and thus heteronormativity and femininity are reaffirmed.
Elizabeth A. Bowman
As if to mark the 20th anniversary of Sartre’s death in 1980—and there was in fact some connection—French writers, journalists, talking heads and publishers put on a Sartre extravaganza. The occasion was the publication of six books on Sartre within the span of a month in early 2000: Denis Bertholet’s Sartre (Plon), Michel-Antoine Burnier’s L’Adieu à Sartre (Plon), Benoit Denis’ Littérature et engagement (Seuil), Bernard-Henri Levy’s Le Siècle de Sartre (Grasset), Philippe Petit’s La Cause de Sartre (P.U.F.), and Olivier Wickers’ Trois Aventures extraordinaires de Jean-Paul Sartre (Gallimard).1 Sartre’s name in headlines was plastered on news kiosks all over Paris during the second half of January, 2000. Le Nouvel Observateur announced: “After 20 Years of Purgatory, Sartre Returns,”2 and Le Point proclaimed: “Sartre: The Passion for Making Mistakes.”3 The implicit warning was: “Don’t let Sartre’s mistakes return!”
Act VI Part II Beatrice hated Mr. Lear. In fact the only person she hated more than Mr. Lear was Benedict and that was only because she hated everything about Benedict – especially his face. Her current rage, however, was because Mr. Lear had turned
Banishing the Beast in Jerome K. Jerome's New Woman Journalists
Carolyn W. de la L. Oulton
Jerome K. Jerome was the founder and editor of the weekly periodical Today, begun shortly before the media showdown between Sarah Grand and Ouida made the New Woman one of the most demonised constructions of the mid 1890s. In a series of editorials and commissioned articles between 1894 and 1897 the journal explores the range of meanings starting to accrue around this figure. Unlike some of his contributors Jerome notably attacks both the New Woman herself and the reactionary male attitudes he sees as partly responsible for her rebellion. In his later fiction Jerome continues to explore the problem of gender relations. In Tommy & Co. (1904) the eponymous protagonist is (somewhat unconvincingly) unable to tell as a child whether she is male or female. In one of his last novels, All Roads Lead to Calvary (1919), the recent war has further problematised the question of women's proper role.
Jason Dean and Geoffrey Raynor
-intentioned Jedi Knights represent the light side of the force, demonstrating compassion, wisdom, and peace, while the Sith represent the dark side of the force, which encourages aggression, hatred, and power. The conflict between good and evil, or love and hate
Studying online hate speech online and offline
Richard Ashby Wilson
The ethnography of social media is still a developing field, and the anthropology of online legal topics is even more incipient. This article charts a digital ethnography of the regulation of hate speech online by examining the infrastructure of social media platforms, the content of speech acts (including coded speech) and their offline effects. These three levels can be analysed using an adapted version of Erving Goffman’s heuristic model of backstage, onstage and offstage presentations of the self in everyday life. A digital ethnography of law implies both a qualitative and quantitative study of offline effects of online speech, including harmful consequences that are direct as well as indirect. On this basis, the article presents findings that, while it is difficult to identify direct effects of online hate speech on violence, show indirect effects including the silencing of dissent and an undermining of trust and cooperation in wider society.