The popularity of the notion of hegemony in anthropology and cognate disciplines has waxed and waned. The self-censorship of Gramsci's most accessible writings (Selections from the prison notebooks) and the multi-layered nature of his thinking have led to a variety of understandings of the term. Easier to reflect on historically, after the events, than to use for analyses of the present, hegemony is both attractive to intellectuals insofar as it establishes their role in politics and yet prone to vagueness in its application to real life situations. For these reasons perhaps, the notion is now on the wane. Yet before we throw out the baby with the bath water, we need to reflect on precisely how it has been used in social analysis and praxis. This article takes a critical view of those people who have most influenced anthropologists in their understanding of the term and argues that the fetishization of 'culture' has probably done more to mystify the concept than anything else.
Critical interpretations in anthropology and beyond
Hegemonic Masculinity and “Badness”
How Young Women Bargain with Patriarchy “On Road”
's (1987 ; 1995; 2000 ) concepts of hegemonic masculinity and emphasized femininity, with the focus resting on Connell's premise that sometimes masculine displays or masculine identity go beyond male bodies and can be performed across the gender spectrum
Challenging Hegemonic Patriarchy
A Feminist Reading of Arab Shakespeare Appropriations
Safi M. Mahfouz
's drama constitutes an accurate depiction of British Renaissance patriarchal hegemony. Although Shakespeare presents realistic gender stereotypes in Elizabethan society, at times he presents female characters who challenge the norms and values of such a
The Future of French Culture
The evolution of French culture from the late nineteenth to the early twenty-first century is described as a succession of three "cultural configurations": humanist (or literary/philosophical), scientific/organic, and industrial. The transformation of the culture is linked to changes in the educational system in response to France's altered place in the global order after 1945. French attitudes toward, and internal critiques of, the shifting cultural hegemony are examined as both causes and consequences of these evolving configurations.
The Miscarriage of Peace: Israel, Egypt, the United States, and the "Jarring Plan" in the Early 1970s
This article asks whether the Yom Kippur War was avoidable. The intense diplomatic efforts of the 1971-1973 years that are examined include plans and counterplans offered by special United Nations representative Gunnar Jarring, US Secretary of State William Rogers, National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger, Israeli Minister of Defense Moshe Dayan, and Egyptian President Anwar Sadat. The article concludes that since settlement was the method of Israeli state-building and served as the basis of the Labor Movement's hegemony within the Israeli society, once Israel embarked on a settlement project in the Sinai it was unwilling to accept full territorial withdrawal to the borders on 5 June 1967 in return for an Egyptian promise of non-belligerence. At the same time, the US was deterred by its conflicting global and regional interests from exerting pressure on Israel to accept the Egyptian proposal.
German Hegemony? The Federal Republic of Germany in Post Cold War European Affairs
Luke B. Wood
policies, looking for evidence to confirm the emergence of German regional hegemony. The Federal Republic's newfound ability to potentially dominate the political and economic systems of Central and Southern European countries, as well as the governance
America's Quest for Global Hegemony
Offensive Realism, the Bush Doctrine, and the 2003 Iraq War
Carlos L. Yordán
Research in the discipline of international relations finds that the great democratic powers are less likely to pursue revisionist policies. This investigation challenges this argument by showing that the United States' decision to oust Saddam Hussein's regime in March 2003 was consistent with a modified version of John Mearsheimer's theory of offensive realism, which finds that great powers' motivation is global hegemony. This article is divided into three sections. The first section considers the value of Mearsheimer's theory and reworks it by adding domestic variables to explain why states abandon defensive strategies for offensive ones. The second section shows how pre-9/11 American foreign policy strategy was, for the most part, status quo oriented, and section three explains why and how the Bush administration introduced a revisionist foreign policy strategy after the 9/11 attacks. This investigation concludes by showing how the 2003 Iraq War is the first step in the United States' quest for global hegemony.
Girls’ Perspectives on (Mis)Representations of Girlhood in Hegemonic Media Texts
. Characterized by tween fieldwork, design works, and Doris Allhutter’s (2012) work on mind scripting, TEAM encouraged and supported the coresearchers to find their voice and make it heard as a counter-narrative to hegemonic media texts and discourses. Using
History Teaching and Cultural Hegemony
Representations of the Spanish Civil War in Francoist History Textbooks of the 1960s
historical events were remembered at the time of their publication. 21 History textbooks serve as sources of officially recognized historic or hegemonic discourse on the past 22 and also contain traces of controversies and conflicts relating to the culture
Still Just Hegemonic After All These Years?
“Worst Thing S/He Thinks About Me” Predicts Attitudinal Risk Factors for High School Healthy Relationships Program
Jessica J. Eckstein and Erika Sabovik
Connell (2000) argued for focusing on how boys and girls influence masculine embodiments within social systems, but in the last 20 years scholarship has focused largely on masculinity as a type (usually hegemonic) and as male ( Messerschmidt