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Yechiam Weitz

This article deals with the disappearance of Menachem Begin, the leader and the chairman of the Herut movement and the sixth Prime Minister of Israel (1977-1983). He disappeared from the political arena for about half a year: from the defeat of his party in the elections of the Second Knesset (26 July 1951) until the debate in the Knesset about the reparations from West Germany. Four central topics will be discussed: (1) the reasons for his disappearance; (2) his whereabouts and activities during that period; (3) the reason for his return to the political arena and the connection between his return and the debate about the reparations; and (4) the significance of this story for Begin's biography.

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Menachem Begin’s World Travels in the 1950s

A Road to Political Legitimacy

Ofira Gruweis-Kovalsky

place. The Herut movement had renounced the underground and now accepted the rules of the democratic game, but it refused to accept the political order of which it was part and actively sought change. Beyond economic repercussions, Herut paid a price for

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Amir Goldstein

new Israeli identity. Its components included Gahal (an alliance between the Herut movement and the Liberal Party), the State List, the Free Center, and the Labor-related Movement for the Whole Land of Israel. Its formation was pre-dated by attempts

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The Mahapach and Yitzhak Shamir's Quiet Revolution

Mizrahim and the Herut Movement

Uri Cohen and Nissim Leon

In this article we assert that it was Yitzhak Shamir who created new possibilities for mobility within the Herut party, laying the foundation for the Mahapach (electoral upheaval) of 1977. The contrast between Shamir, who avoided the limelight, and Menachem Begin, who was comfortable with the masses, has left Shamir on the sidelines of the research, debate, and discourse on the Herut and Likud parties. Rather than taking the usual approach of focusing on Begin, we highlight Shamir's role in devising and consolidating the new model for the division of power within Herut, making possible the involvement of political forces that had previously been inactive in the party's institutions. Shamir's approach toward integration, which benefited mainly Mizrahim, allowed Herut to remake itself internally. It was this reworked infrastructure, we believe, that brought about the dramatic electoral results of May 1977.

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Murad Idris, David Albert, Yitzhak Dahan, Nancy E. Berg, and Barbara U. Meyer

Jacob Shamir and Khalil Shikaki, Palestinian and Israeli Public Opinion: The Public Imperative in the Second Intifada Review by Murad Idris

Eytan Gilboa and Efraim Inbar, eds., US-Israeli Relations in a New Era: Issues and Challenges after 9/11 Review by David Albert

Uri Cohen and Nissim Leon, The Herut Movement’s Central Committee and the Mizrahim, 1965–1977: From Patronizing Partnership to Competitive Partnership Review by Yitzhak Dahan

Sharon Aronson-Lehavi, ed., Wanderers and Other Israeli Plays Review by Nancy E. Berg

Shalom Goldman, Zeal for Zion: Christians, Jews, and the Idea of the Promised Land Review by Barbara U. Meyer

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Israel Goes to the Polls

The Road to Elections for the Constituent Assembly, 1948–1949

Meir Chazan

, except for the bird’s-eye view of Zeev Zahor (1994: 381–387 ) and the discussion of the Herut movement by Yechiam Weitz (2002: 185–238 ). According to Zahor’s evaluation, it was apparently impossible to extrapolate from the election campaigns in the

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The 1956 Strike of Middle-Class Professionals

A Socio-political Alliance with the Right

Avi Bareli and Uri Cohen

. 1951 . “The Herut Movement: A Second Knesset Platform for Establishing a New Regime in Israel—Aliyah, Absorption, National Unity.” [In Hebrew.] 6 July . Hilb , K . 1956 . “ Mr. Ben-Gurion’s Histadrut-Oriented Plan .” [In Hebrew.] Ha’boker , 24

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Two Patterns of Modernization

An Analysis of the Ethnic Issue in Israel

Shlomo Fischer

. “ The Question of the Mizrachi Middle Class in Israel .” [In Hebrew.] Alpaim 33 : 83 – 101 . Cohen , Uri , and Nissim Leon . 2011 . The Herut Movement’s Central Committee and the Mizrahim, 1965–1977: From Patronizing Partnership to Competitive

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Yechiam Weitz

between the Herut Movement and the Liberal Party,” Herut , 27 April 1965. 8 Whereas in the elections to the 2nd Knesset (1951–1955) Herut received 6.6 percent of the votes and eight seats, in the 3rd Knesset (1955–1959), it increased its votes to 12