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The Muslim Veteran in Postcolonial France

The Politics of the Integration of Harkis After 1962

Sung Choi

During the Algerian War of Independence (1954-1962), France mobilized tens of thousands of native Algerian soldiers, known as the harkis, for counterinsurgent operations directed against their own countrymen of the National Liberation Front. As recruits for the French army, the harkis were given French status, which was then revoked when Algeria gained its independence. France later accepted the harkis as veterans and “repatriates,” only to confine them in camps until the 1970s. The abuse of the harkis has been noted as a “forgotten” episode in French postcolonial history. This article argues that the harkis were far from having been “forgotten,” and in fact were considered important throughout the Fifth Republic as a powerful counterpoint to the more problematic immigrant Algerian population in France. The harkis represented the key tension in postcolonial France between the notion of an irrevocable civil status and a national identity that favored a Eurocentric culture.

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A Camp for Foreigners and “Aliens”

The Harkis' Exile at the Rivesaltes Camp (1962–1964)

Jeannette E. Miller

The French government placed 20,000 of the approximately 100,000 harkis repatriated to France following the Algerian War in the Rivesaltes camp. Located in rural French Catalonia, it had previously lodged foreigners and French citizens whom the government removed from society. The decision to house the harkis in this camp, made during summer 1962 as the French government extricated itself from its 132-year empire in Algeria, symbolized that they were aliens: Berber and Arab repatriates, nearly all of whom obtained French nationality shortly after they arrived in France, were targeted by government housing policies that distanced them from public view. The camp's architecture, living conditions, isolation from French citizens, military oversight, and “reeducation” classes, beyond functioning as powerful symbols, reinforced—and contributed to—the government's treatment of the harkis as aliens. Over the twenty-seven months it remained open, Rivesaltes fostered an exilic existence for these harkis and socially excluded them from French society.

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Rethinking France’s “Memory Wars”

Harki Collective Memories, 2003–2010

Laura Jeanne Sims

“battlefield” of French memories. 9 This article focuses on one group, the Harkis 10 and their descendants, that scholars of memory have identified as key participants in the “memory wars.” 11 Harkis were Algerians who fought with the French Army during the

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Sephardic immigrants and their descendants, as well the general American and American Jewish population more broadly. Keywords : post-colonial, Sephardic Jews, sub-ethnic, Mizrahi Jews, francophone Laura Jeanne Sims , Rethinking France’s “Memory Wars”: Harki

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The Algerian Café-Hotel

Hub of the Nationalist Underground, Paris 1926–1962

Neil MacMaster

association with his sons, acquired a fourth premise in June 1960, the Hôtel Morice at 72 boulevard de la Chapelle. On 2 April 1961, harki auxiliaries took revenge on the Ville d’Oran, ransacking the premises and even physically assaulting Hocine himself

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Matthew Screech, Susan Slyomovics, Armelle Blin-Rolland and Ana Merino

’s ‘republican consensus’, namely, Harkis, Pieds-Noirs, conscripts or professional soldiers of the French army in Algeria and North African immigrants and their Beurs descendants in France (xxxiv). Through nuanced argumentation and lucid exposition, English

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Entre Algérie et France

Écrire une histoire sociale des Algériens au vingtième siècle

Muriel Cohen and Annick Lacroix

des années 1950 à 1970 17 . Les trajectoires particulières des harkis au sein du groupe des migrants algériens ont également attiré l’attention des chercheurs 18 . D’autres travaux ont privilégié l’échelle locale pour éclairer les parcours

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Derrière le massacre d’État

Ancrages politiques, sociaux et territoriaux de la « démonstration de masse » du 17 octobre 1961 à Paris

Emmanuel Blanchard

plus ouverte avec les forces de l’ordre qui, appuyées sur la Force de police auxiliaire (la FPA, autrement dit les « harkis » de la préfecture de police), cherchent à briser l’emprise du FLN sur la population algérienne. Les agents de la préfecture de

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Richard Ivan Jobs, Judith Surkis, Laura Lee Downs, Nimisha Barton and Kimberly A. Arkin

into their contemporary depictions and retellings of this history is itself informed by their own personal relationship to that historical legacy, whether Pied-Noir or Harki , Algerian or Vietnamese, Jewish or Muslim. This aspect of his study

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Les circulations entre France et Algérie

Un nouveau regard sur les migrants (post)coloniaux (1945–1985)

Muriel Cohen

, arrivés à Orly en 1962, obligés de prendre un taxi pour Nanterre et de chercher la baraque du père pendant plusieurs heures, parce que ce dernier s’était trompé de jour d’arrivée, ou de Yamina, arrivée la même année pour rejoindre son père harki à Douai