This article examines how three classic Hindi films—Pyasaa, The Guide, and Jagate Raho—draw on Indic paradigms of devotional love and śānta rasa and how they use “wonder” as a resolution to distressing emotions experienced by the characters and elicited in the viewer. To this effect, the article emphasizes how socio-cultural models of appraisal elicit various kinds of emotion, and, from this culturally situated but broadly universalist perspective, it traces the journey of the protagonists from fear, dejection, and despair toward amazement and peace. Among contemporary cognitive theories of emotion, the article uses perspectives drawn from the appraisal theory.
The Construction of Boyhood through Corporal Punishment and Educational Discipline in Taare Zameen Par
.” Thymos: Journal of Boyhood Studies 5 , no. 2 : 138 – 151 . Chattopadhyay , Saayan . 2013 . “ Mythology, Masculinity and Indian Cinema: Representation of ‘Angry Young Man’ in Popular Hindi Films of 1970s .” Media Watch 4 , no. 1 : 30 – 41
Patrick Colm Hogan
It is commonplace to remark that India has the largest film industry anywhere, producing “unquestionably the most-seen movies in the world” (Kabir 2001: 1). Of the many languages in which Indian movies are made, films in Hindi (or Urdu) are the most prominent globally, and they comprise the most obviously “national” cinema (Ganti 2004: 12). Indian films in general, and Hindi films in particular, have had international success for decades (Desai 2004: 40). They constitute perhaps the only national cinema that can come close to rivaling the U.S. film industry. This parallel with Hollywood has led to the popular name for the Hindi film industry, “Bollywood.” The name refers particularly to the entertainment-oriented films from the 1960s on, and of these especially the films produced since the early 1990s in the period of economic neoliberalism and globalization.
Taking Hum Aapke Hain Koun . . . ! as an example, this article asks whether models that were developed for the analysis of narrative forms and their intended emotional effects in Hollywood cinema can be regarded as universal, and to what extent they may be reasonably applied to commercial Hindi films. The often voiced reproach that Hindi cinema lacks realism, usually accompanied by a critique of the excessive use of emotional cues, arises in part from the fact that scholars tend to view the narrative forms of Western mainstream cinema as the norm from which Hindi cinema deviates. By contrast, this article argues that we need to search for a proper understanding of a cinema whose films follow different rules. In so doing, this article also contributes to the debate on how cognitive models of film reception may be expanded to include culturalist elements of explanation.
Tunisia and France in the 1960s
drew upon transnational cultural products, such as Hindi films or the celebration of Valentine's Day, in locally legible terms. 19 Tunisia's modernizing nation-state embraced associations between women's rights and companionate marriage, where the
State of the Art
), https://doi.org/10.1111/hith.10787 . 69 Orsini, “Introduction,” 34. 70 Rachel Dwyer and Divia Patel, Cinema India: The Visual Culture of Hindi Film (London: Reaktion, 2002), 30. 71 Imke Rajamani, “Angry Young Men: Masculinity, Citizenship and