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“There Was No Genocide in Rwanda”

History, Politics, and Exile Identity among Rwandan Rebels in the Eastern Congo Conflict

Anna Hedlund

This article analyzes how the 1994 genocide in Rwanda is recalled and described by members of a Hutu rebel group, the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR) whose leadership can be linked to the 1994 atrocities in Rwanda. The article explores how individuals belonging to this rebel group, currently operating in the eastern territories of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), articulate, contest, and oppose the dominant narrative of the Rwandan genocide. Based on ethnographic fieldwork with members of the FDLR in a rebel camp, this article shows how a community of exiled fighters and second-generation Hutu refugees contest the official version of genocide by constructing a counterhistory of it. Through organized practices such as political demonstrations and military performances, it further shows how political ideologies and violence are being manufactured and reproduced within a setting of military control.

Open access

An Unaccountable Love

Healing and Sacrifice in Post-Genocide Rwanda

Nofit Itzhak

efforts, such as the Ndi Umunyarwanda (I am Rwandan) initiative, seek to achieve healing by altogether effacing the ethnic categories of Hutu, Tutsi, and Twa, and replacing them with the unifying Rwandan. These realities, combined with the

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William A. Gamson and His Legacy for Academia and Social Movements

Michelle I. Gawerc and David S. Meyer

include Hutus, Tutsis, and Twa ( Wolpe et al. 2004 )—with the rules themselves translated into Japanese, French, Korean, Dutch, and Hebrew (Gamson 2000: vii). For Bill, game simulations—as well as the early teach-ins against US military intervention in

Free access

Undoing Traceable Beginnings

Citizenship and Belonging among Former Burundian Refugees in Tanzania

Patricia Daley, Ng’wanza Kamata, and Leiyo Singo

was a key preoccupation. Young refugees were consumed by fear and anxieties, which Sommers interpreted as often unwarranted. He terms this emotional state “cultural fear,” locating its origins in the traumatized past of Hutu/Tutsi animosity in Burundi

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The Contribution of Social Movement Theory to Understanding Genocide

Evidence from Rwanda

Aliza Luft

Rwanda and the rebel Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF). 13 Note: I intentionally use the term “race” when describing Hutu/Tutsi categories during the 1994 genocide because in Rwanda, during the genocide, “Hutu” and “Tutsi” were defined as racial categories