Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 4,537 items for :

  • Refine by Access: All content x
  • Refine by Content Type: All x
Clear All Modify Search
Restricted access

Corps et politique

individu et société

Arlette Farge

In this essay, two themes—the body and the political and the individual and society—are used to reflect upon the historian's task. By focusing upon the body as represented in the police archives of the eighteenth century, for example, we learn about the lived experience of domination, and the body-as-royal subject provides us with insight into the mechanisms and preoccupations of political power. The often incoherent and chaotic efforts of thinking bodies to engage with or resist that power are at the very matrix of social relations, and it is up to the historian to reconstruct these efforts in their very incoherence in order to remain as true as possible to the reality in which our historical subjects dwelled. An emphasis on articulating the experience of the individual reinforces this ability to reconstitute the ways in which subjects defined themselves via ruptures, interrupted trajectories, and reconstructed paths, which, in turn, underscores the fact that disorder is the ordinary course of social communities. Individual choices themselves reveal the lack of coherence of the social, and it is by relating and taking account of this incoherence that a historian may provide a nonteleological interpretation of the past that emanates from the interior of a society's fragile and hesitating common fate, that allows him or her to understand and recapture for contemporary readers a world that sought only to exist.

Restricted access

What Determines Individual Demand for Ecosystem Services?

Insights from a Social Science Study of Three German Regions

Sophie Peter

benefits they receive, as described and criticized by Maria Felipe-Lucia, Francisco Comin, and Javier Escalera-Reyes (2015). While this approach can help to identify trade-offs and synergies in the demand of individual ES and ES bundles and mismatches

Open access

Post-Hellenistic Perspectives on Divination, the Individual, and the Cosmos

Elsa Giovanna Simonetti

intellectuals such as Dio Chrysostom, Epictetus, and Maximus of Tyre to explore the validity and usefulness of divinatory practices, to which always more private citizens resort in order to receive individual support and guidance (see, e.g., De E 386C; De

Restricted access

Social Pressure in the Choice of Individual Religious Practice

Tatiana Bulgakova

Since the early 1990s, religious landscape in Siberia has been rapidly changing and becoming more complicated because of the activities of foreign missionaries. The options for individual religious choice have increased, being at the same time

Restricted access

Freeing the ‘Aboriginal Individual’

Deconstructing ‘Development as Freedom’ in Remote Indigenous Australia

Hannah Bulloch and William Fogarty

notions of development are often tied up with liberal governmentality. As one of the central tenets of liberalism is the minimization of government in favour of individual liberty …, liberalism can appear politically neutral—a broad protective framework

Restricted access

Beyond the Individual Body

Spinoza's Radical Enactivism and You Were Never Really Here

Francesco Sticchi

observed, for instance, by Rosi Braidotti (2013, 57) , Genevieve Lloyd (1994, 11–12) , and Charles Wolfe (2009) , that the body in Spinoza's philosophy cannot be understood as an individual or phenomenological unity, but rather as an active and dynamic

Restricted access

Individual Autonomy and Global Democracy

Michael Pendlebury

In this schematic article I adumbrate an approach to normative political theory that is based on the idea that individual autonomy is a fundamental political value (Section I) and draw out some important consequences of the approach for the global political order (Section II).

Restricted access

The Individual and the Social

A Comparative Study of Quality of Life, Social Quality and Human Development Approaches

David Phillips

The overall aim of this paper is to compare the human development (HD) and social quality (SQ) approaches in the context of quality of life in general and in relation to development in particular. It commences with a broad overview of several perspectives including: prudential values; Sen's capability approach; Berger-Schmitt and Noll's overarching quality of life construct; Phillips' quality of life construct; and Doyal and Gough's theory of Human Needs. en HD and SQ are introduced. HD emphasises well-being, enlarging people's choices, living a long and healthy life, being educated and enjoying a decent standard of living. All this is predicated on the UNDP's insistence that it is people who comprise the real wealth of nations: HD emphasises the well-being of individuals. Two sets of tensions are then discussed: first between the ability to exercise individual freedom and the constraints upon freedom imposed by the provision of compulsory education of children which facilitates that freedom (an institutional threshold to 'the social'); and secondly, the relationship between personhood, social relationships and collective capabilities (an interactive threshold to the social). This is followed by an exploration of whether HD's individualistic orientation is a weakness or whether its explicit incompleteness is a strength. The paper concludes with a discussion of possible ways forward in developing the HD construct, either by incorporating the notion of 'the social' within its framework or else via strategies of using it in partnership with the social quality theory that can both extend it and provide it with a richer theoretical justification.

Restricted access

Who Is Feeling the Heat?: Vulnerabilities and Exposures to Heat Stress—Individual, Social, and Housing Explanations

Katharina Seebaß

consequence of the heat ( Patz et al. 2005 ; Robine et al. 2008 ). Extreme heat events entail certain costs for a country; they have an effect on the work performance and productivity of individuals, resulting in a reduction of gross domestic product (GDP

Restricted access

Everyday Carry for Mobile Individuals

Aharon Kellerman

personal mobility actions, as part of the general study of mo bility. The immediate control by individuals of their mobility is made through devices that facilitate the operation of mobilities, and these are presented and interpreted in this article. Such