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Iterative Modernism

The Design Mode of Interwar Engineering in Belgium

Greet De Block and Bruno De Meulder

This article traces the implicit spatial project of Belgian engineers during the interwar period. By analyzing infrastructure planning and its inscribed spatial ideas as well as examining the hybrid modernity advocated by engineers and politicians, this article contributes to both urban and transport history.

Unlike colleagues in countries such as Germany, Italy and the United States, Belgian engineers were not convinced that highways offered a salutary new order to a nation traumatized by the First World War. On the contrary, the Ponts et Chaussées asserted that this new limited access road would tear apart the densely populated areas and the diverse regional identities in Belgium. In their opinion, only an integration of existing and new infrastructure could harmonize the historically fragmented and urbanized territory. Tirelessly, engineers produced infrastructure plans, strategically interweaving different transport systems, which had to result in an overall transformation of the territory to facilitate modern production and export logics.

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Mobility and Infrastructure in the Russian Arctic

Das Sein bestimmt das Bewusstsein?

Nikolai Vakhtin

. “ Steps towards an Ecology of Infrastructure: Design and Access for Large Information Spaces .” Information Systems Research 7 ( 1 ): 111 – 134 . 10.1287/isre.7.1.111 Urry , John . 2000 . Sociology beyond Societies: Mobilities for the Twenty

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Oded Haklai, Ronnie Olesker, Mira Sucharov, Ehud Eiran, and Ian S. Lustick

partitionist solutions focus on the geography of space and how imperatives of national identity, communal compactness, and transportational continuity can be fulfilled or contradicted by settlement location, infrastructural design, withdrawals, land swaps

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Jillian Schwedler

high-end hotels came to be located. Over the next decade, all but the first two traffic circles were gradually fitted with high-speed underpasses or overpasses. 6 This new infrastructure, designed to ease traffic congestion, enables through-traffic to

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Unbuilt and Unfinished

The Temporalities of Infrastructure

Ashley Carse and David Kneas

.1177/00027649921955326 Star , Susan Leigh , and Karen Ruhleder . 1996 . “ Steps toward an Ecology of Infrastructure: Design and Access for Large Information Spaces .” Information Systems Research 7 ( 1 ): 111 – 134 . 10.1287/isre.7.1.111 Stoler , Ann Laura , ed

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Organic Vehicles and Passengers

The Tsetse Fly as Transient Analytical Workspace

Clapperton Chakanetsa Mavhunga

talking about “a lifetime of aff ectionate study” of the tsetse; to do so they had “to live and breathe and think with it.” 16 Of course these Europeans were newcomers to this insect, and while they controlled the physical infrastructure, designed the

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Manuel Stoffers, Blake Morris, Alan Meyer, Younes Saramifar, Andrew Cobbing, Martin Emanuel, Rudi Volti, Caitlin Starr Cohn, Caitríona Leahy, and Sunny Stalter-Pace

groups through funding mechanisms, traffic regulation, and infrastructure design choices. As Longhurst puts it, “The road might be a common-pool resource, but its competing users have uneven histories of access and claims to ownership” (237). Although the

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Dividing Worlds

Tsunamis, Seawalls, and Ontological Politics in Northeast Japan

Andrew Littlejohn

History of Tsunami Research and Countermeasures in Japan .” Proceedings of the Japan Academy, Series B 85 ( 8 ): 267 – 275 . 10.2183/pjab.85.267 Star , Susan Leigh , and Karen Ruhleder . 1996 . “ Steps Toward an Ecology of Infrastructure: Design