How should a film's appearing dated affect critical evaluation of it? This article distinguishes enjoyment of a film from evaluation and describes how films undergo positive, negative, and comic dating. The affective responses of nostalgia, boredom, and humorous amusement, respectively, are associated with each of these kinds of dating. Insofar as these affective responses are unintended and thus beyond the control of the filmmakers, they have little influence on the film's artistic value, which is understood in terms of the filmmakers' achievement. Conversely, these states do affect levels of enjoyment. By recognizing this, evaluators can rationally resolve disagreements that are grounded on these unintended affective responses to dated films. Several films and film reviews are examined, yet no attempt is made to give close readings or analyses of the films discussed.
Robert R. Clewis
Although governing coalitions in Germany often win reelection,
many observers were surprised by the victory of the red-green coalition
in 2002. Earlier that year, the polls had shown strong support
for a potential coalition of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU)
and the Christian Social Union (CSU), together with the Free Democratic
Party (FDP). In the summer of 2002, however, the SPD and
the Greens began to gain ground; and finally, the red-green coalition
won the majority of seats in the election to the German parliament,
the Bundestag, on 22 September 2002.
Knut Erik Jensen’s Work as Eco-Auteur
light of the proposed definition. As we shall see, Jensen’s filmmaking meets the two core criteria of ecological filmmaking, one of which is the intention to appreciate nature on its own terms. A stylistic description capturing distinctive features of
) be declared by a legitimate authority; (3) be fought with a rightful intention; (4) show proportionality in the balance between the good and harm it does; (5) be a last resort; and (6) have a reasonable chance of success’ . 17 The triad of
Physique générale du droit et des mœurs, IVe Année du Cours. 1re Leçon, 2 Décembre 1899, Plan du Cours – Les Sanctions pénales
Émile Durkheim and édité par François Pizarro Noël
'essentiel dans le phénomène que nous étudions. Mais si toute peine n'est pas une souffrance réellement et effectivement ressentie ne peut-on pas dire qu'elle a toujours ce caractère dans l'intention du législateur ? On pourrait dire alors que la peine (p.8) a
Participation as the Cornerstone of Appropriate Methodologies
: personally or collectively taking part in self-sustainment and self-care. It is not the political intention to constitute new democratic powers to challenge established patters of governance. Van der Borg (2016) in his The Social Intervention State
La nourriture et le sacré dans le chiisme iranien
'une réactivation de quelques souvenirs du passé. * * * En Iran, le don de nourriture pour une intention religieuse est un acte très répandu chez les
A Psychoanalytic Exploration
In this paper I would like to explore the subject of truth and lies, and to ask the question: who is a true prophet? My intention is to use the text of Jeremiah together with my psychoanalytic framework of thought to show an interesting interplay of ideas between the two sources which may stimulate discussion and reflection on the subject.
The Olive Field and Thirties Leftist Pastoral
William Empson famously suggested in his book Some Versions of Pastoral (1935) that ‘good proletarian art is usually Covert Pastoral’.1 This comment, and the discussion which follows it, has a good deal of characteristic Empsonian provocation and idiosyncrasy, and has rarely been pursued with seriousness by 1930s critics. Thus Valentine Cunningham says that this ‘cheeky dodge’ of Empson’s is at least half-serious, but is more inclined to emphasise the playful half of the intention
In November 2009, I announced my intention of retiring from my position at the Israel Studies Forum at the end of this volume, aft er serving for a decade as its Editor-in-Chief. Th e President of the Association for Israel Studies followed this announcement by forming a search committee to identify my successor and at the time of writing the search is moving toward a successful conclusion.