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Emotional Communication and the Development of Self

Kathleen Wider

In this paper I examine the role of emotions in the initial development of self-awareness through intersubjective communication between mother and infant. I argue that the empirical evidence suggests that the infant's ability to communicate is initially an ability of the infant to share emotions with the mother. In section one I examine the biological foundations that allow infants from birth to interact with others of their own kind, focusing on the abilities which allow them to engage in emotional relationships with others. These include an infant's ability to express, share, and regulate emotions as well as her brain's ability to imitate the neuronal activity of another. In section two, I explore the fit between Sartre's phenomenologically-based account of intersubjectivity in Being and Nothingness and the accounts from psychology and neuroscience that I've examined in section one, focusing on his phenomenology of the Look and the emotional response he claims it elicits. In section three I examine the explanatory gap objection that Sartre among others could raise to my attempt to understand phenomenological accounts of human reality and scientific ones in light of each other. I don't have any final answer to this objection, but I offer some thoughts on why I think it's less of a problem than it might first appear to be.

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Reconsidering the Look in Sartre's: Being and Nothingness

Luna Dolezal

Jean-Paul Sartre's account of the Look in Being and Nothingness is not straightforward and many conflicting interpretations have arisen due to apparent contradictions in Sartre's own writing. The Look, for Sartre, demonstrates how the self gains thematic awareness of the body, forming a public and self-conscious sense of how the body appears to others and, furthermore, illustrates affective and social aspects of embodied being. In this article, I will critically explore Sartre's oft-cited voyeur vignette in order to provide a coherent account of the Look and to illustrate the significance of intersubjectivity and self-consciousness in Sartre's work. Through considering Sartre's voyeur vignette and other examples of reflective self-consciousness, this article will examine epistemological, self-evaluative and ontological concerns in the constitution of reflective self-consciousness. It will be contended that Sartre's accounts of the Look and reflective self-consciousness within social relations can provide insight into the intersubjective nature of the shaping of the body and the significance of self-presentation within the social realm.

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Intersubjectivity as Epistemology

Christina Toren

By means of a tale of food poisoning as retribution, this article describes a kind of reasoning that consciously defies commonsense logic. The lived validity of this form of reasoning emphasizes the necessity of an epistemology for anthropology that puts the analysis of relations between people at the heart of our understanding of human reasoning and its ontogeny. An ethnographic analysis of how certain island Fijians give form to kinship relations through the production, exchange, circulation, giving, and consumption of food suggests that it is the very specificity of intersubjective relations between particular persons that make them a proper focus for the anthropologist's attention. It follows that intersubjectivity is central to anthropology as an epistemological project whose fugitive object of study can only be ourselves, even while its focus is bound to be on others.

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Feminist Conversations with Buber

Dialogic Encounters with ‘The Girls’ (Stories of Jewish Women in Brownsville, Brooklyn, 1940–1995)

Anastasia Christou

Introducing Feminist Conversations: Initiating Intersubjective Intersectional Dialogues The philosophy of Martin Buber, author of the seminal text I and Thou (1923), 1 has offered profound insights into the dialogical approach to research

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Moving-with-Others

Restoring Viable Relations in Emigrant Gambia

Paolo Gaibazzi

discourses on aspirant migrants and on the influence that families and migrants have on them. Second, I show how an existential, intersubjective approach to mobility may help us not only to access these motivations, but also to unpack some of the

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Belonging

Comprehending Subjectivity in Vietnam and Beyond

Tine M. Gammeltoft

significant others, that is, strivings for ‘intersubjective belonging’. The notion of intersubjective belonging refers, as I use it here, to people’s sense of attachment to other individuals—to the sense of connection that can arise out of joint social

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Enactive Authorship

Second-Order Simulation of the Viewer Experience—A Neurocinematic Approach

Pia Tikka

embodied intersubjectivity is “characterized by a strong participation by the cognitive agent, in contrast with the spectatorial stance of social cognition.” More specifically, I will try to frame the shared domain of embodied intersubjectivity between two

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Rethinking affects of care through power

An introduction

Heike Drotbohm and Hansjörg Dilger

cultivated humanitarian ideals that were often formulated in the “Global North” and in transnational settings. As a group, the articles in this theme section focus especially on these intersubjective dimensions of a turning point that is sensed, felt, and

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The ethics of ESG

Sustainable finance and the emergence of the market as an ethical subject

Matthew Archer

to produce and disseminate. For these actors, the “intention of doing good is not enough. … [I]t is ultimately the market that has to make sure that what is good is also efficient” ( Berndt and Wirth 2018 ). Conclusion: Ethical (inter)subjectivity

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Interpretation and Rationality

Developing Donald Davidson's Ideas in International Political Theory

Nikolay Gudalov

. First, epistemology has been crucial for disciplinary discussions. While theories of intersubjectivity and critiques of both subjectivity and objectivity have been salient, I will clarify how Davidson tied the three concepts together. Second, I will