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Peter O'Brien

This article analyzes the most influential weltanschauungen at play in the politics of immigration in Europe. I categorize relevant value judgments into what I, following Theodore Lowi, call "public philosophies." I highlight three competing public philosophies in the politics of immigration in Europe: 1) liberalism; 2) nationalism; and 3) postmodernism. Liberalism prescribes universal rights protecting the autonomy of the individual, as well as rational and democratic procedures (rules of the game) to govern the pluralism that inevitably results in free societies. Against liberalism, nationalism stresses community and cultural homogeneity in addition to a political structure designed to protect both. Rejecting both liberalism and nationalism, postmodernism posits insurmountable relativism and irreducible cultural heterogeneity accompanied by ultimately irrepressible political antagonism. I examine the three outlooks through a case study of the headscarf debate. The article concludes with consideration of how normative ideas combine with other factors to influence policymaking.

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Rabbi Michael Hilton

prediction. He told me: Everyone said at that time Islam was not important, but I begged to differ. I had noticed in my journeys the rise of Islam in Europe. I met Muslims on my train travels, and realized that Europe was no longer a Christian-Jewish world

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Kim Knibbe, Brenda Bartelink, Jelle Wiering, Karin B. Neutel, Marian Burchardt, and Joan Wallach Scott

position that Islam in Europe is ‘privileged’ because of the funds invested in programs to counter violent extremism and promote more tolerant and progressive voices in the Muslim communities. My interlocutors see this as a threat to both Christianity and

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William Nessly, Noel B. Salazar, Kemal Kantarci, Evan Koike, Christian Kahl, and Cyril Isnart

Giovine and Picard, intends to provide a new perspective for the anthropology of pilgrimage. The editors and contributors investigate the Western religious tradition (i.e., Christianities, Judaism, and Islam in Europe and North America) using the concept

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Moral Thresholds of Outrage

The March for Hrant Dink and New Ways of Mobilization in Turkey

Lorenzo D’Orsi

Twentieth Century , ed. Israel Gershoni , Amy Singer , and Y. Hakan Erdem , 101 – 127 . Seattle : University of Washington Press . Göle , Nilüfer . 2011 . Islam in Europe: The Lure of Fundamentalism and the Allure of Cosmopolitanism . Wiener

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Enis Sulstarova

may be implicitly linked to the alleged threat of a fundamentalist and militant Islam in Europe today. With the advent of modernity and modern secular societies, Islam is expected to withdraw to the private sphere as Christianity has in Western Europe

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Pegida in Parliament?

Explaining the Failure of Pegida in Austria

Farid Hafez

migration policies based on economic needs and cultural receptiveness Stop mass immigration into Europe No religious wars or proxy wars on Austrian soil No Sharia and Islamization in Europe Stop the recruitment agreements with Turkey Only temporary

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Populist Rhetoric and Nativist Alarmism

The AfD in Comparative Perspective

Barbara Donovan

. Historically an American concept, nativism is associated with waves of migration in the United States; 29 and in today's Europe, is appears in the context of high rates of immigration and the growing presence of Islam in European countries. Aitana Guia defines

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Mariske Westendorp, Bruno Reinhardt, Reinaldo L. Román, Jon Bialecki, Alexander Agadjanian, Karen Lauterbach, Juan Javier Rivera Andía, Kate Yanina DeConinck, Jack Hunter, Ioannis Kyriakakis, Magdalena Crăciun, Roger Canals, Cristina Rocha, Khyati Tripathi, Dafne Accoroni, and George Wu Bayuga

, and Islam in Europe. Equally important, in recounting how its main characters find the resources to “turn moments of potentiality into forms of striving” (p. 257), it stands out as an exemplary illustration of a more ‘positive anthropology

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A White Republic? Whites and Whiteness in France

Mathilde Cohen and Sarah Mazouz

Nativism: Islam in Europe, Catholicism in the United States,” Philosophy and Social Criticism , 38, 4–5 (2012): 485–495, here 490, doi: 10.1177/0191453711435643 . 90 Solène Brun and Juliette Galonnier, “Devenir(s) minoritaire(s): La conversion des